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Approach to mushroom intoxication and treatment: Can we decrease mortality?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22189510     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Mushroom is widely consumed in Turkey because it is inexpensive and widely available. Intoxication with mushroom is a common health problem in Turkey with a high mortality rate. AIM: To identify the outcome of patients with wild mushroom intoxication who were diagnosed based on systematic criteria and had received a comprehensive treatment. METHODS: Seventy-seven patients admitted to the Emergency Department of our hospital with mushroom intoxication were retrospectively evaluated. The patients were administered a combined treatment of gastric lavage, activated charcoal, penicillin G, N-acetyl cysteine, silybin and hemofiltration. Demographic, clinical and laboratory data of patients and the outcomes of the treatment modality were recorded. RESULTS: A total of 77 patients, 46 (59.7%) females and 31 (40.3%) males were evaluated in the study. The mean age of the patients was 41.94±15.40 years. They presented with nausea and vomiting within 4 to 48hours. Sixteen patients (20.7%) had abdominal pain, six patients had (7.7%) diarrhea and five patients (6.5%) had jaundice. Seven patients (9%) developed acute liver failure and were referred to intensive care units. Five of these patients recovered without any liver transplantation; one patient had cadaveric liver transplantation but died in the early period after the transplantation and one patient died while waiting for transplantation. The rest of the patients were followed by us and they all have recovered. CONCLUSIONS: Our data indicate that clinical diagnosis based on systematic criteria and a comprehensive treatment regimen may be effective in decreasing the mortality in mushroom intoxication.
Emel Ahishali; Basak Boynuegri; Eyup Ozpolat; Heves Surmeli; Can Dolapcioglu; Resat Dabak; Zerrin Bicik Bahcebasi; Oya Uygur Bayramicli
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-12-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinics and research in hepatology and gastroenterology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  2210-741X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101553659     Medline TA:  Clin Res Hepatol Gastroenterol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
Department of Gastroenterology, Dr. Lutfi Kirdar Kartal Education and Research Hospital, Cevizli 34890, Istanbul, Turkey.
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