Document Detail

Approach to the critically ill camelid.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19460648     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The estimation of fluid deficits in camelids is challenging. However, early recognition and treatment of shock and hypovolemia is instrumental to improve morbidity and mortality of critically ill camelids. Early goal-directed fluid therapy requires specific knowledge of clinical indicators of hypovolemia and assessment of resuscitation endpoints, but may significantly enhance the understanding, monitoring, and safety of intravenous fluid therapy in South American camelids (SAC). It is important to recognize that over-aggressive fluid resuscitation is just as detrimental as under resuscitation. Nonetheless, a protocol of conservative fluid management is often indicated in the treatment of camelids with pulmonary inflammation, to counteract edema formation. The early recognition of lung dysfunction is often based on advanced diagnostic techniques, including arterial blood gas analysis, diagnostic imaging, and noninvasive pulmonary function testing.
Daniela Bedenice
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Veterinary clinics of North America. Food animal practice     Volume:  25     ISSN:  1558-4240     ISO Abbreviation:  Vet. Clin. North Am. Food Anim. Pract.     Publication Date:  2009 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-05-22     Completed Date:  2009-10-15     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8511905     Medline TA:  Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  407-21     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Clinical Sciences, Large Animal Hospital, Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine at Tufts University, 200 Westboro Road, North Grafton, MA 01536, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Anoxia / diagnosis,  therapy,  veterinary
Blood Pressure
Camelids, New World*
Cardiovascular Agents / administration & dosage,  therapeutic use
Colloids / administration & dosage,  therapeutic use
Critical Illness*
Emergency Medical Services
Fluid Therapy / veterinary
Hypovolemia / therapy,  veterinary
Injections, Intravenous / veterinary
Isotonic Solutions / administration & dosage,  therapeutic use
Lung Diseases / therapy,  veterinary
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Cardiovascular Agents; 0/Colloids; 0/Isotonic Solutions; 0/crystalloid solutions

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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