Document Detail


Application of prospective ECG-triggered dual-source CT coronary angiography for infants and children with coronary artery aneurysms due to Kawasaki disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22932064     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate the initial application and value of prospective electrocardiogram (ECG)-triggered dual-source CT coronary angiography (DSCTCA) in the diagnosis of infants and children with coronary artery aneurysms due to Kawasaki disease.
METHODS: 19 children [12 males; mean age 13.47 months, range 3 months to 5 years; mean heart rate 112 beats per minute (bpm), range 83-141 bpm] underwent prospective ECG-triggered DSCTCA with free breathing. Subjective image quality was assessed on a five-point scale (1, excellent; 5, non-diagnostic) by two blinded observers. The location, number and size of each aneurysm were observed and compared with those of transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) performed within 1 week. Interobserver agreement concerning the subjective image quality was evaluated with Cohen's κ-test. Bland-Altman analysis was used to evaluate the agreement on measurements (diameter and length of aneurysms) between DSCTCA and TTE. The average effective dose required for DSCTCA was calculated for all children.
RESULTS: All interobserver agreement for subjective image quality assessment was excellent (κ=0.87). The mean ± standard deviation (SD) aneurysm diameter with DSCTCA was 0.76 ± 0.36 cm and with TTE was 0.76 ± 0.39 cm. The mean ± SD aneurysm length with DSCTCA was 2.06 ± 1.35 cm and with TTE was 2.00 ± 1.22 cm. The Bland-Altman plot for agreement between DSCTCA and TTE measurements showed good agreement. The mean effective dose was 0.36 ± 0.06 mSv.
CONCLUSION: As an alternative diagnostic modality, prospective ECG-triggered DSCTCA with excellent image quality and low radiation exposure has been proved useful for diagnosing infants and children with coronary artery aneurysms due to Kawasaki disease.
ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: Prospective ECG-triggered DSCTCA for infants and children allows rapid, accurate assessment of coronary aneurysms due to Kawasaki diseases, compared with TTE.
Authors:
Y Duan; X Wang; Z Cheng; D Wu; L Wu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Evaluation Studies; Journal Article     Date:  2012-08-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  The British journal of radiology     Volume:  85     ISSN:  1748-880X     ISO Abbreviation:  Br J Radiol     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-23     Completed Date:  2013-01-25     Revised Date:  2013-12-05    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0373125     Medline TA:  Br J Radiol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  e1190-7     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Child, Preschool
Coronary Aneurysm / etiology,  radiography*,  ultrasonography
Coronary Angiography / methods*
Echocardiography
Electrocardiography / methods*
Female
Humans
Infant
Male
Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome / complications*
Observer Variation
Prospective Studies
Radiation Dosage
Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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