Document Detail


Application of molecular epidemiology to understanding campylobacteriosis in the Canterbury region of New Zealand.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22906314     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis genotypes of Campylobacter isolates from 603 human patients were compared with 485 isolates from retail offal (primarily chicken and lamb) to identify temporal clusters and possible sources of campylobacteriosis. Detailed epidemiological information was collected from 364 of the patients, and when combined with genotyping data allowed a putative transmission pathway of campylobacteriosis to be assigned for 88% of patients. The sources of infection were 47% food, 28% direct animal contact, 7% overseas travel, 4% person-to-person transmission and 3% water-related. A significant summer increase in campylobacteriosis cases was primarily attributed to an increase in food-related cases. Genotyping of isolates was essential for identifying the likely cause of infection for individuals. However, a more rapid and cheaper typing tool for Campylobacter is needed, which if applied to human and animal isolates on a routine basis could advance greatly our understanding of the ongoing problem of Campylobacter infection in New Zealand.
Authors:
B J Gilpin; G Walshe; G Walsh; S L On; D Smith; J C Marshall; N P French
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2012-08-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Epidemiology and infection     Volume:  141     ISSN:  1469-4409     ISO Abbreviation:  Epidemiol. Infect.     Publication Date:  2013 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-04-23     Completed Date:  2013-06-28     Revised Date:  2014-04-07    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8703737     Medline TA:  Epidemiol Infect     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1253-66     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Animals
Campylobacter / genetics*
Campylobacter Infections / epidemiology*,  etiology,  microbiology
Child
Child, Preschool
Electrophoresis, Gel, Pulsed-Field
Female
Food Microbiology
Genotype
Humans
Infant
Male
Molecular Epidemiology / methods*
New Zealand / epidemiology
Prevalence
Young Adult
Comments/Corrections
Erratum In:
Epidemiol Infect. 2014 Apr;142(4):893
Note: Walsh, G [corrected to Walshe, G]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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