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Application of the m technique in hospitalized very preterm infants: a feasibility study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22968000     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
PURPOSE: : To explore the application of a novel relaxation method (the M Technique) in hospitalized very preterm infants in a level IIIC neonatal intensive care unit.
DESIGN: : A feasibility, observational intervention study.
SUBJECTS: : Ten very preterm infants were enrolled to receive the treatment intervention. Eligible infants born less than 30 weeks' gestation received the intervention at 30 weeks' postmenstrual age.
METHODS: : Based on infant readiness, each infant received the M Technique for 5 minutes. Physiologic parameters (heart rate, respiratory rate, and oxygen saturations), behavioral variables (stress and relaxation cues), and infant behavioral state were measured 5 minutes before, during, and up to 10 minutes after the intervention, continuously.
RESULTS: : Descriptive analysis revealed that baseline physiologic, behavioral state, and behavioral cue parameters changed during and after the application of the M Technique. A decrease in heart rate and respiratory rate occurred during the M Technique (P = .006, P > .001 respectively) and a decrease in heart rate occurred at the end of the M Technique session (P = .02). In addition, an increase in SaO2 occurred during and at 5 minutes following the M Technique session (P = .04, P = .02, respectively). State scores decreased from baseline (mean = 5.1; range, 3-9) to after the intervention (mean = 2.0, range 1-4). As the intervention was delivered, more positive than negative behavioral cues were observed throughout, at the end, and after the M Technique session.
CONCLUSION: : In this feasibility study, the M Technique can be delivered without adverse effects to very preterm infants who are 30 weeks' postmenstrual age. Additional research is needed with a larger, randomized design to determine short- and long-term effects specifically related to neurologic outcomes.
Joan R Smith; Mary Raney; Sandy Conner; Patricia Coffelt; Jacqueline McGrath; Marco Brotto; Terrie Inder
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Advances in neonatal care : official journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses     Volume:  12 Suppl 5     ISSN:  1536-0911     ISO Abbreviation:  Adv Neonatal Care     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-09-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101125644     Medline TA:  Adv Neonatal Care     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  S10-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Division of Nursing and Newborn Intensive Care (Mss Smith and Raney) and Division of Therapy Services (Mss Conner and Coffelt), St Louis Children's Hospital, Missouri; Nursing Research, Connecticut Children's Medical Center, Hartford, and School of Nursing, University of Connecticut, Storrs (Dr McGrath); School of Nursing and Medicine, University of Missouri Kansas City (Dr Brotto); and Department of Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri (Dr Inder).
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