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Apple Polyphenol Extracts Protect Against Aspirin-induced Gastric Mucosal Damage in Rats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25069887     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The protective role of two apple polyphenol extracts, Douglas-FB (FB) and Douglas-EF (EF), on gastric mucosal damage following aspirin ingestion was investigated in healthy rats. Polyphenol content of the apple extracts varied, with the EF extract having 20% w/w polyphenols and a high proportion of flavanols as epicatechin and procyanidin, whereas the FB extract comprised 12% w/w polyphenols, which were mostly flavonols as quercetin glycosides. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were allocated to control, FB and EF groups and fed the experimental diet during the 10-day trial. Control treatment rats received 1 mL of deionised water, whereas apple polyphenol treatment group rats, FB and EF received a concentration of 10(-2)  m polyphenols in 1 mL deionised water daily via oral gavage. At the end of 10-day feeding period, rats were fasted overnight, and the following morning, aspirin (200 mg/kg) was given by oral gavage. Four hours after aspirin administration, the animals were euthanised, and samples taken for analysis. Both apple polyphenol extracts significantly reduced the ulcer area, ulcer lesion index and gastric injury score. The glutathione in gastric mucosa was increased significantly in rats given FB apple extract. Despite their different polyphenol compositions, FB and EF apple extracts assisted in protecting the gastric mucosa following acute aspirin administration in rats. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Authors:
Gunaranjan Paturi; Christine A Butts; Kerry L Bentley-Hewitt; Tony K McGhie; Zaid S Saleh; Andrew McLeod
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-7-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Phytotherapy research : PTR     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1099-1573     ISO Abbreviation:  Phytother Res     Publication Date:  2014 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-7-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8904486     Medline TA:  Phytother Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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