Document Detail


Apparent metabolisable energy and digestibility of shea (Vitellaria paradoxa) fat, cocoa (Theobroma cacao) fat and soybean oil in broiler chicks.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17050106     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
1. The objective of this experiment was to determine and compare the apparent lipid digestibility coefficient and apparent metabolisable energy (AME) value of shea nut (Vitellaria paradoxa, Gaertn.) fat in broiler chickens with that of soybean oil and cocoa fat. 2. One hundred and sixty 13-d-old male broiler chicks were used in a randomised complete block design. The fats were added at 30, 60 and 90 g/kg to a basal diet. A tenth dietary treatment was the basal feed with no added fats or oils. The birds were fed on the diets for 8 d and all droppings were collected for the final 4 d. 3. The mean coefficient of apparent lipid digestibility for shea fat (0.58) was similar to that of cocoa fat (0.54) but lower than that of soybean oil (0.95). There was evidence of a lipid x concentration interaction with the 90 g/kg shea fat diet having low lipid digestibility (0.43). 4. There was an interaction between the effects of dietary lipid concentration and test lipid on AME but, at dietary levels of 60 g/kg and below, the AME of shea fat (22.0 MJ/kg DM) and cocoa fat (26.4 MJ/kg DM) was significantly lower than that of soybean oil (39.8 MJ/kg DM).
Authors:
H K Dei; S P Rose; A M Mackenzie
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  British poultry science     Volume:  47     ISSN:  0007-1668     ISO Abbreviation:  Br. Poult. Sci.     Publication Date:  2006 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-10-19     Completed Date:  2007-01-16     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  15740290R     Medline TA:  Br Poult Sci     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  607-12     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
The National Institute of Poultry Husbandry, Harper Adams University College, Newport, Shropshire, England. hkdei@yahoo.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animal Feed
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Animals
Cacao
Chickens / metabolism*
Diet
Dietary Fats / metabolism*,  pharmacology*
Digestion*
Energy Metabolism / physiology*
Ericaceae*
Soybean Oil / metabolism*,  pharmacology*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Fats; 8001-22-7/Soybean Oil; 8002-31-1/cocoa butter

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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