Document Detail


Apoptosis-associated tyrosine kinase 1 inhibits growth and migration and promotes apoptosis in melanoma.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24589855     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Apoptosis-associated tyrosine kinase 1 (AATK1) was initially identified as a protein that was dramatically overexpressed during growth arrest and apoptosis of 32Dcl myeloblastic leukemia cells. AATK is expressed in different regions of the brain and may have a role in normal nervous system development by its dual functions of enhancing apoptosis of mature granule cells and promoting terminal neuronal differentiation of developing neurons. However, its function in cancer has never been studied. Melanoma is a tumor composed of transformed cells within the melanocyte lineage deriving from the embryonic neural crest. It has been shown that developmental pathways in neural crest cells have a direct bearing on melanoma formation and human metastatic melanoma cells express a dedifferentiated phenotype. We found that the expression levels of AATK are lower in metastatic melanoma cell lines compared with primary melanoma cell lines and normal human melanocytes. We found that depletion of AATK mRNA in metastatic melanoma cell lines enhanced cell migration in cell line derived from metastatic melanomas. Overexpression of AATK inhibited cell proliferation, colony formation, and promoted apoptosis in melanoma cell lines derived from primary and metastatic melanomas. Signal transduction pathway analysis revealed that Src is involved in regulating AATK. Our results demonstrate for the first time that AATK inhibits cell proliferation, colony formation, and migration, and also promotes apoptosis in melanoma cells.Laboratory Investigation advance online publication, 3 March 2014; doi:10.1038/labinvest.2014.13.
Authors:
Shuang Ma; Brian P Rubin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-3-03
Journal Detail:
Title:  Laboratory investigation; a journal of technical methods and pathology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1530-0307     ISO Abbreviation:  Lab. Invest.     Publication Date:  2014 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-3-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376617     Medline TA:  Lab Invest     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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