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Apoptosis Mechanism of Human Cholangiocarcinoma Cells Induced by Bile Extract from Crocodile.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22194052     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Animal bile is popularly used as a traditional medicine in China, and bile acids are their major bioactive constituents. In the present study, effects of bile extract from crocodile gallbladder on QBC939 cell growth, cell cycle, and apoptosis were investigated by MTT assay, inverted microscopy, fluorescence microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, PI single- and FITC/PI double-staining flow cytometry, and western blotting. Our data have revealed that bile extract inhibited cells growth significantly, and the cell cycle was arrested in G1 phase. Bile extract induced QBC939 cell apoptosis, which was associated with collapse of the mitochondrial membrane potential and increase of ROS. In bile extract-treated cells, it was observed that the expression of bcl-2 decreased and cytochrome c released to cytosol, but the expression of bax remained unchanged. The data indicated that mitochondrial pathway might play an important role in bile extract-induced apoptosis in QBC939 cells. These results provide significant insight into the anticarcinogenic action of bile extract on cholangiocarcinoma cells.
Jin-He Kang; Wen-Qing Zhang; Wei Song; Dong-Yan Shen; Shan-Shan Li; Ling Tian; Yan Shi; Ge Liang; You-Xiong Xiong; Qing-Xi Chen
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-12-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Applied biochemistry and biotechnology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1559-0291     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8208561     Medline TA:  Appl Biochem Biotechnol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Key Laboratory of the Ministry of Education for Coastal and Wetland Ecosystems, School of Life Sciences, College of Environment and Ecology, Xiamen University, Xiamen, 361005, China.
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