Document Detail

Apnea in the newborn.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18245937     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Apnea, defined as cessation of breathing resulting in pathological changes in heart rate and oxygen saturation, is a common occurrence especially in preterm neonates. It is due to immaturity of the central nervous system (apnea of prematurity) or secondary to other causes such as metabolic disturbances etc. Secondary causes of apnea should be excluded before a diagnosis of apnea of prematurity is made. Methylxanthines and continuous positive airway pressure form the mainstay of treatment. Mechanical ventilation is reserved for apnea resistant to the above therapy. An approach to the management of apnea in neonates is described.
Satish Mishra; Ramesh Agarwal; M Jeevasankar; Rajiv Aggarwal; Ashok K Deorari; Vinod K Paul
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Indian journal of pediatrics     Volume:  75     ISSN:  0973-7693     ISO Abbreviation:  Indian J Pediatr     Publication Date:  2008 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-02-04     Completed Date:  2008-04-23     Revised Date:  2009-07-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0417442     Medline TA:  Indian J Pediatr     Country:  India    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  57-61     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Pediatrics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi, India.
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MeSH Terms
Apnea* / diagnosis,  etiology,  therapy
Bronchodilator Agents / therapeutic use
Central Nervous System Stimulants / therapeutic use
Diagnosis, Differential
Drug Therapy, Combination
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature
Infant, Premature, Diseases* / diagnosis,  etiology,  therapy
Physical Stimulation
Respiration, Artificial / methods
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Bronchodilator Agents; 0/Central Nervous System Stimulants

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