Document Detail

Aplastic anemia due to chemicals and drugs: a study of 108 patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6523315     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
To illustrate the etiologic role of drugs and chemicals in the development of aplastic anemia, we analyzed 108 cases of aplastic anemia among 3,715 hematologic patients during a ten-year period at the hematology section of Istanbul Medical School. Among these 3,715 patients, 695 had leukemia, a result indicating the relative rarity of aplastic anemia as compared with leukemia. Of the 108 patients, 58.3% were male and 41.7% were female. Their ages ranged from six months to 82 years. Pancytopenia was severe in 42.6% of the patients, and moderate or mild in 57.4%. Bone marrow was hypocellular in 84 patients, normocellular in 16, and hypercellular in eight. In 52 (48.1%) of the patients with aplastic anemia, the following etiologic factors were implicated: benzene (25 patients), antirheumatic drugs (ten), chloramphenicol (four), chloramphenicol plus hepatitis or chromosome anomalies (two), thiamphenicol plus sulfonamide (one), antituberculous drugs (three), daraprim (three), insecticides (two), hepatitis (one), and sulfonamide (one). Data indicate that the degree of bone-marrow cellularity is not always related to functional capacity, and numerous agents may have etiologic roles in the development of aplastic anemia.
M Aksoy; S Erdem; G Dinçol; I Bakioğlu; A Kutlar
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Sexually transmitted diseases     Volume:  11     ISSN:  0148-5717     ISO Abbreviation:  Sex Transm Dis     Publication Date:    1984 Oct-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1985-03-15     Completed Date:  1985-03-15     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7705941     Medline TA:  Sex Transm Dis     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  347-50     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Anemia, Aplastic / chemically induced*,  complications
Anti-Inflammatory Agents / adverse effects
Antitubercular Agents / adverse effects
Benzene / adverse effects
Child, Preschool
Chloramphenicol / adverse effects
Hemoglobinuria, Paroxysmal / complications
Hepatitis / complications
Leukemia / complications
Middle Aged
Sulfonamides / adverse effects
Thiamphenicol / adverse effects
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anti-Inflammatory Agents; 0/Antitubercular Agents; 0/Sulfonamides; 15318-45-3/Thiamphenicol; 56-75-7/Chloramphenicol; 71-43-2/Benzene

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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