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Aortic sclerosis is associated with mortality and major morbidity in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23213174     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aim to investigate the association between aortic sclerosis and mortality and major morbidity in patients with established coronary artery disease undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). DESIGN: Preoperative echocardiograms of consecutive patients undergoing isolated CABG between 2007 and 2009 (n=1150) were analysed, excluding patients without an echocardiogram in the 30 days prior to surgery (n=483). Using logistic regression, we evaluated the association between aortic sclerosis and inhospital mortality and major morbidity. Using Cox proportional hazards, the effect on long-term all-cause mortality was determined. SETTING: Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston. PATIENTS: Patients undergoing isolated CABG between 2007 and 2009. INTERVENTIONS: Analysis of echocardiograms. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Inhospital mortality and major morbidity, and long-term all-cause mortality. RESULTS: 627 patients were suitable for enrolment; 207 (33%) had significant aortic sclerosis. These patients had higher rates of traditional cardiovascular risk factors. Significant aortic sclerosis was associated with an increased risk of inhospital mortality or major morbidity (OR 1.95; 95% CI 1.25 to 3.04). Following adjustment for baseline clinical and echocardiographic variables, the association remained significant (OR 1.90; 95% CI 1.15 to 3.11). The HR for adjusted all-cause mortality was 2.52 (mean follow-up 2.7 years). CONCLUSIONS: Aortic sclerosis is a common finding in patients undergoing CABG. In these patients, its presence is associated with a higher risk of inhospital mortality or major morbidity, and is associated with a higher risk of all-cause long-term mortality independent of other risk factors.
Authors:
Aidan W Flynn; Jonathan Afilalo; Arvind K Agnihotri; Cristina Castrillo; David M Shahian; Michael H Picard
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-12-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  Heart (British Cardiac Society)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1468-201X     ISO Abbreviation:  Heart     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-5     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9602087     Medline TA:  Heart     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Division of Cardiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard University, , Boston, Massachusetts, USA.
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