Document Detail


Aortic distensibility and its relationship to coronary and thoracic atherosclerosis plaque and morphology by MDCT: Insights from the ROMICAT Trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22578738     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Multi-detector cardiac computed tomography (CT) allows for simultaneous assessment of aortic distensibility (AD), coronary atherosclerosis, and thoracic aortic atherosclerosis. OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine the relationship of AD to the presence and morphological features in coronary and thoracic atherosclerosis. METHODS: In 293 patients (53±12years, 63% male), retrospectively-gated MDCT were performed. We measured intraluminal aortic areas across 10 phases of the cardiac cycle (multiphase reformation 10% increments) at pre-defined locations to calculate the ascending, descending, and local AD (at locations of thoracic plaque). AD was calculated as maximum change in area/(minimum area×pulse pressure). Coronary and thoracic plaques were categorized as calcified, mixed, or non-calcified. RESULTS: Ascending and descending AD were lower in patients with any coronary plaque, calcified or mixed plaque than those without (all p<0.0001) but not with non-calcified coronary plaque (p≥0.46). Per 1mm Hg(-1) 10(-3) increase in ascending and descending AD, there was an 18-29% adjusted risk reduction for having any coronary, calcified plaque, or mixed coronary plaque (ascending AD only) (all p≤0.04). AD was not associated with non-calcified coronary plaque or when age was added to the models (all p>0.39). Local AD was lower at locations of calcified and mixed thoracic plaque when compared to non-calcified thoracic atherosclerosis (p<0.04). CONCLUSIONS: A stiffer, less distensible aorta is associated with coronary and thoracic atherosclerosis, particularly in the presence of calcified and mixed plaques, suggesting that the mechanism of atherosclerosis in small and large vessels is similar and influenced by advancing age.
Authors:
Emily Siegel; Wai-Ee Thai; Tust Techasith; Gyongyi Major; Jackie Szymonifka; Ahmed Tawakol; John T Nagurney; Udo Hoffmann; Quynh A Truong
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-5-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of cardiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1874-1754     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-5-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8200291     Medline TA:  Int J Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Cardiac MR PET CT Program, Division of Cardiology and Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.
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