Document Detail

Aortic annular sizing for transcatheter aortic valve replacement using cross-sectional 3-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23449425     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
OBJECTIVES: This study compared cross-sectional three-dimensional (3D) transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) to two-dimensional (2D) TEE as methods for predicting aortic regurgitation after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR).
BACKGROUND: Data have shown that TAVR sizing using cross-sectional contrast computed tomography (CT) parameters is superior to 2D-TEE for the prediction of paravalvular aortic regurgitation (AR). Three-dimensional TEE can offer cross-sectional assessment of the aortic annulus but its role for TAVR sizing has been poorly elucidated.
METHODS: All patients had severe symptomatic aortic stenosis and were treated with balloon-expandable TAVR in a single center. Patients studied had both 2D-TEE and 3D imaging (contrast CT and/or 3D-TEE) of the aortic annulus at baseline. Receiver-operating characteristic curves were generated for each measurement parameter using post-TAVR paravalvular AR moderate or greater as the state variable.
RESULTS: For the 256 patients studied, paravalvular AR moderate or greater occurred in 26 of 256 (10.2%) of patients. Prospectively recorded 2D-TEE measurements had a low discriminatory value (area under the curve = 0.52, 95% confidence interval: 0.40 to 0.63, p = 0.75). Average cross-sectional diameter by CT offered a high degree of discrimination (area under the curve = 0.82, 95% confidence interval: 0.73 to 0.90, p < 0.0001) and mean cross-sectional diameter by 3D-TEE was of intermediate value (area under the curve = 0.68, 95% confidence interval: 0.54 to 0.81, p = 0.036).
CONCLUSIONS: Cross-sectional 3D echocardiographic sizing of the aortic annulus dimension offers discrimination of post-TAVR paravalvular AR that is significantly superior to that of 2D-TEE. Cross-sectional data should be sought from 3D-TEE if good CT data are unavailable for TAVR sizing.
Hasan Jilaihawi; Niraj Doctor; Mohammad Kashif; Tarun Chakravarty; Asim Rafique; Moody Makar; Azusa Furugen; Mamoo Nakamura; James Mirocha; Mitch Gheorghiu; Jasminka Stegic; Kazuaki Okuyama; Daniel J Sullivan; Robert Siegel; James K Min; Swaminatha V Gurudevan; Gregory P Fontana; Wen Cheng; Gerald Friede; Takahiro Shiota; Raj R Makkar
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American College of Cardiology     Volume:  61     ISSN:  1558-3597     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  2013 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-03-01     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8301365     Medline TA:  J Am Coll Cardiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  908-16     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute, Los Angeles, California.
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