Document Detail

Aortic Augmentation Index is Independently Associated With N-terminal pro B-type Natriuretic Peptide in Patients With Peripheral Arterial Disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23047817     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Objectives: To investigate the relationship of aortic augmentation index (AIx) with N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide (NTproBNP) plasma levels in patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) with normal left ventricular (LV) function. Methods: Totally, 31 patients (23 males, mean age 65 ± 7.4) with a confirmed diagnosis of PAD of the lower limbs (ankle-brachial pressure index [ABPI] <0.90 in at least 1 leg) were enrolled in this study. All patients underwent pulse wave analysis by applanation tonometry of the radial artery using the SphygmoCor system and had a measurement of plasma NTproBNP levels. Results: Patients had a mean resting ABPI of 0.62 ± 0.19 and a mean AIx 32.6% ± 6.9. Median (interquartile range) NTproBNP plasma level was 75 (44-210) pg/mL. In a univariate analysis which included age, brachial systolic blood pressure (BSBP), brachial diastolic blood pressure (BDBP), ejection duration index (ED%), heart rate (HR), and NTproBNP, aortic AIx was significantly associated (Spearman rho) with NTproBNP, HR, and ED% (r = .49, P = .006; r = -.72, P = .000, and r = -.42, P = .02, respectively). Multivariate linear regression analysis showed that AIx was associated with NTproBNP (β = 0.38, P = .02) independent of gender, HR, ED%, and use of β-blockers. N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide explained 8% of the variance in aortic AIx, whereas HR explained 15% of the variance. Conclusion: In patients with PAD with normal LV systolic function, AIx is independently associated with NTproBNP. Structural changes in the myocardium might occur due to increased LV afterload as a result of increased wave reflections and arterial stiffness due to atherosclerosis leading to an increase in NTproBNP plasma levels.
Yousef Shahin; Ian Chetter
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-8
Journal Detail:
Title:  Vascular and endovascular surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1938-9116     ISO Abbreviation:  Vasc Endovascular Surg     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101136421     Medline TA:  Vasc Endovascular Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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