Document Detail


Anxiety sensitivity profile: dimensional structure and relationship with temperament and character.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12792127     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Anxiety sensitivity (AS), the belief that bodily sensations have harmful consequences, is a reliable predictor of panic attacks in both clinical and nonclinical populations. Recently, a new measure of AS has been proposed. The AS profile (ASP) was designed to be a more comprehensive measure of AS, and to be more suitable for the measurement of different AS dimensions. Preliminary evidence (college student sample) suggests that the ASP has 4 dimensions. In the present study, the dimensional structure of the ASP was further investigated, as well as its relationship with temperament and character traits. METHODS: Exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis of ASP scores in two large samples of psychiatric outpatients and nonclinical controls (combined n = 742). Correlations and partial correlations of ASP with temperament and character. RESULTS: Exploratory factor analysis yielded a single AS factor. However, confirmatory factor analysis showed that the 6-dimensional structure, as Taylor and Cox had originally intended it, might be a defendable solution. However, the number of items is much too high, with many subscales consisting of semantic clusters. ASP scores were found to be weakly related to the temperament dimension harm avoidance, corroborating earlier findings that were not statistically significant because of small sample sizes. CONCLUSIONS: The ASP may be shortened from 60 to 24 items without loss of reliability or content. Future studies using challenge paradigms and studies with general hospital patients may further investigate the usefulness of a shortened version of the ASP.
Authors:
Willem Van der Does; Inge Duijsens; Elisabeth Eurelings-Bontekoe; Margot Verschuur; Philip Spinhoven
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychotherapy and psychosomatics     Volume:  72     ISSN:  0033-3190     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychother Psychosom     Publication Date:    2003 Jul-Aug
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-06-06     Completed Date:  2003-10-23     Revised Date:  2009-11-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0024046     Medline TA:  Psychother Psychosom     Country:  Switzerland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  217-22     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2003 S. Karger AG, Basel
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands. vanderdoes@fsw.leidenuniv.nl
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Anxiety Disorders / psychology*
Case-Control Studies
Character*
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Panic Disorder / psychology
Questionnaires
Temperament*

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