Document Detail

Anxiety sensitivity and perceived control over anxiety-related events: associations with smoking outcome expectancies and perceived cessation barriers among daily smokers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18418785     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The present investigation examined the extent to which the cognitive factors of anxiety sensitivity (AS) and perceived control over anxiety-related events are independently related to smoking outcome expectancies and perceived barriers to quitting. Participants were 125 community-recruited adult, daily smokers. Consistent with hypotheses, AS and perceived control over anxiety-related events independently and significantly predicted smokers' expectancies for negative affect reduction from smoking, whereas only AS predicted expectancies for negative personal consequences from smoking. Also as hypothesized, AS and perceived control over anxiety-related events each independently and significantly predicted level of general perceived barriers to quitting smoking. All of the observed significant effects were evident above and beyond the variance accounted for by gender, alcohol consumption, number of cigarettes smoked per day, and negative affectivity. Together, these findings further the literature on the relation between anxiety-relevant cognitive factors and psychological smoking processes.
Kristin L Gregor; Michael J Zvolensky; Alison C McLeish; Amit Bernstein; Sandra Morissette
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco     Volume:  10     ISSN:  1462-2203     ISO Abbreviation:  Nicotine Tob. Res.     Publication Date:  2008 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-04-17     Completed Date:  2008-08-05     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9815751     Medline TA:  Nicotine Tob Res     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  627-35     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychology, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405-0134, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Attitude to Health
Internal-External Control*
Regression Analysis
Severity of Illness Index
Smoking / epidemiology*,  psychology
Smoking Cessation / psychology*,  statistics & numerical data*
Social Environment
Substance Withdrawal Syndrome / epidemiology*,  psychology*
Vermont / epidemiology
Grant Support
1 R01 DA018734-01A1/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; 1 R21 DA016227/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; R03 DA16307-01/DA/NIDA NIH HHS

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