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Anxiety profile in morphine-dependent and withdrawn rats: Effect of voluntary exercise.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21871908     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Withdrawal from chronic opiates is associated with an increase in anxiogenic-like behaviours, but the anxiety profile in the morphine-dependent animals is not clear. Thus, one of the aims of the present study was to examine whether morphine-dependent rats would increase the expression of anxiogenic-like behaviours in novel and stressful conditions. Additionally, recent studies have shown that voluntary exercise can reduce anxiety levels in rodents. Therefore, another aim of this study was to examine the effect of voluntary exercise on the anxiety profile in both morphine-dependent animals and animals experiencing withdrawal. Rats were injected with bi-daily doses (10mg/kg, at 12h intervals) of morphine over a period of 10days in which they were also allowed voluntary exercise. Following these injections, anxiety-like behaviours were tested in the elevated plus-maze (EPM) model and the light/dark (L/D) box. We found reductions in time spent in, and entries into, the EPM open arms and reductions in time spent in the lit side of the L/D box for both sedentary morphine-dependent and withdrawn rats as compared to the sedentary control groups. The exercising morphine-dependent and withdrawn rats exhibited an increase in EPM open arm time and entries and L/D box lit side time as compared with the sedentary control groups. We conclude that voluntary exercise decreases the severity of the anxiogenic-like behaviours in both morphine-dependent and withdrawn rats. Thus, voluntary exercise could be a potential natural method to ameliorate some of the deleterious behavioural consequences of opiate abuse.
Authors:
Hossein Miladi-Gorji; Ali Rashidy-Pour; Yaghoub Fathollahi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-8-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  Physiology & behavior     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-507X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-8-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0151504     Medline TA:  Physiol Behav     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Dept. of Physiology, School of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
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