Document Detail


Anxiety and intense running exercise in the presence and absence of interpersonal competition.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1917229     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The purposes of this study were to evaluate the effects of intense running exercise in the presence and absence of interpersonal competition on both (a) pre-exercise anxiety levels and (b) alterations in anxiety as a consequence of the exercise. Seven females and 10 males performed a 5-mile run over the same outdoor course on two separate days. In one condition the subjects ran in a road-race in which intense exercise was combined with interpersonal competition. In the second condition, exercise of the same intensity (84% VO2max) and duration was completed, but interpersonal competition was absent. Cognitive (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory; STAI) and somatic (Body Awareness Scale; BAS) aspects of anxiety were measured 15 min before and after exercise as well as on a separate day under non-stressful, baseline conditions. A main effect for the Trials factor was found using repeated measures ANOVA [Condition (presence/absence of interpersonal competition) X Gender X Trials (baseline/pre-exercise/post-exercise)], and post-hoc analysis revealed that post-exercise state anxiety and body awareness levels were both reduced compared to pre-exercise baseline values. Condition and Gender main effects were not significant nor were any of the interaction effects. Pre-exercise STAI and BAS levels were found to be significantly (p less than .01) elevated above baseline values. However, while post-exercise STAI scores were significantly (p less than .01) below the baseline STAI level, the post-exercise BAS values did not fall below the corresponding baseline level.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Authors:
P J O'Connor; R D Carda; B K Graf
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of sports medicine     Volume:  12     ISSN:  0172-4622     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Sports Med     Publication Date:  1991 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-11-14     Completed Date:  1991-11-14     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8008349     Medline TA:  Int J Sports Med     Country:  GERMANY    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  423-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Exercise and Sport Research Institute, Arizona State University, Tempe 85287.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Anxiety*
Body Image
Cognition
Competitive Behavior*
Exercise*
Female
Humans
Male
Oxygen Consumption / physiology
Psychological Tests
Running / psychology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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