Document Detail


Antiviral effects of a probiotic Enterococcus faecium strain against transmissible gastroenteritis coronavirus.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23188495     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The enteropathogenic coronavirus transmissible gastroenteritis virus (TGEV) causes severe disease in young piglets. We have studied the protective effects of the probiotic Enterococcus faecium NCIMB 10415 (E. faecium), which is approved as a feed additive in the European Union, against TGEV infection. E. faecium was added to swine testicle (ST) cells before, concomitantly with, or after TGEV infection. Viability assays revealed that E. faecium led to a dose-dependent rescue of viability of TGEV-infected cells reaching nearly to complete protection. Virus yields of the E. faecium-treated cultures were reduced by up to three log(10) units. Western blot analysis of purified TGEV revealed that the levels of all viral structural proteins were reduced after E. faecium treatment. Using transmission electron microscopy, we observed attachment of TGEV particles to the surface of E. faecium which might be a means to trap virus and to prevent infection. Increased production of nitric oxide in the cells treated with E. faecium and elevated expression of interleukin 6 and 8 pointed to stimulated cellular defense as a mechanism to fight TGEV infection.
Authors:
Weidong Chai; Michael Burwinkel; Zhenya Wang; Christiane Palissa; Bettina Esch; Sven Twardziok; Juliane Rieger; Paul Wrede; Michael F G Schmidt
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of virology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1432-8798     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch. Virol.     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7506870     Medline TA:  Arch Virol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Institute of Immunology, Freie Universität Berlin, Philippstrasse 13, 10115, Berlin, Germany.
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