Document Detail

Antiviral effects of a probiotic Enterococcus faecium strain against transmissible gastroenteritis coronavirus.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23188495     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The enteropathogenic coronavirus transmissible gastroenteritis virus (TGEV) causes severe disease in young piglets. We have studied the protective effects of the probiotic Enterococcus faecium NCIMB 10415 (E. faecium), which is approved as a feed additive in the European Union, against TGEV infection. E. faecium was added to swine testicle (ST) cells before, concomitantly with, or after TGEV infection. Viability assays revealed that E. faecium led to a dose-dependent rescue of viability of TGEV-infected cells reaching nearly to complete protection. Virus yields of the E. faecium-treated cultures were reduced by up to three log(10) units. Western blot analysis of purified TGEV revealed that the levels of all viral structural proteins were reduced after E. faecium treatment. Using transmission electron microscopy, we observed attachment of TGEV particles to the surface of E. faecium which might be a means to trap virus and to prevent infection. Increased production of nitric oxide in the cells treated with E. faecium and elevated expression of interleukin 6 and 8 pointed to stimulated cellular defense as a mechanism to fight TGEV infection.
Weidong Chai; Michael Burwinkel; Zhenya Wang; Christiane Palissa; Bettina Esch; Sven Twardziok; Juliane Rieger; Paul Wrede; Michael F G Schmidt
Related Documents :
23678175 - Herpes simplex virus 1 glycoprotein m and the membrane-associated protein ul11 are requ...
24828535 - Characterizing wild bird contact and seropositivity to highly pathogenic avian influenz...
24508765 - The threat of midge-borne equine disease: investigation of culicoides species on uk equ...
24615135 - Intrafamilial transmission of vaccinia virus during a bovine vaccinia outbreak in brazi...
16399805 - Kappa opioid control of seizures produced by a virus in an animal model.
4357515 - Effect of dibutyryl cyclic amp on the induction of epstein-barr virus in hybrid cells.
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of virology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1432-8798     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch. Virol.     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7506870     Medline TA:  Arch Virol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Institute of Immunology, Freie Universität Berlin, Philippstrasse 13, 10115, Berlin, Germany.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  "Marseilleviridae", a new family of giant viruses infecting amoebae.
Next Document:  Is gender influencing the biomechanical results after autologous chondrocyte implantation?