Document Detail

Antitrypanosomal activity of a diterpene and lignans isolated from Aristolochia cymbifera.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20301059     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Bioguided fractionation of extract from the leaves of Aristolochia cymbifera led to the isolation of the furofuran lignans fargesin, epieudesmin, and sesamin; the dibenzylbutyrolactone lignans hinokinin and kusunokinin; and an ENT-labdane diterpene named copalic acid. Our data demonstrated that copalic acid and kusunokinin were the most active compounds against trypomastigotes of Trypanosoma cruzi. Additionally, copalic acid demonstrated the highest parasite selectivity as a result of low toxicity to mammalian cells, despite a considerable hemolytic activity at higher concentrations. Among the isolated compounds, kusunokinin could be considered the most promising candidate, as it displayed significant activity against intracellular amastigotes (IC(50) = 17 µM) and trypomastigotes (IC(50) = 51 µM) without hemolytic activity. Fargesin, hinokinin, epieudesmin, and sesamin were also effective against trypomastigotes, but these compounds were highly toxic to mammalian cells and no parasite selectivity could be identified. The need for novel drugs for American trypanosomiasis is evident, and these secondary metabolites from A. cymbifera represent a useful tool for drug design.
Patrícia Sartorelli; Camila Salomone Carvalho; Juliana Quero Reimão; Harri Lorenzi; André Gustavo Tempone
Related Documents :
18058609 - Effect of triterpenoids isolated from the floral spikes of betula platyphylla var. japo...
11677009 - Two new fatty acid glucosides from the root bark of ochna calodendron.
17268959 - Isolation and structure of neriumol and nerifol from the leaves of nerium odorum.
2092929 - Constituents of a fern, davallia mariesii moore. i. isolation and structures of davalli...
17125219 - Kahalalide derivatives from the indian sacoglossan mollusk elysia grandifolia.
18831559 - Structures and antioxidant activity of anthocyanins in many accessions of eggplant and ...
24518789 - Animal protein and the risk of kidney stones: a comparative metabolic study of animal p...
20559429 - Pantothenate kinase 1 is required to support the metabolic transition from the fed to t...
11245899 - Production of pha from starchy wastewater via organic acids.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-03-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Planta medica     Volume:  76     ISSN:  1439-0221     ISO Abbreviation:  Planta Med.     Publication Date:  2010 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-09-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0066751     Medline TA:  Planta Med     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1454-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart-New York.
Departamento de Ciências Exatas e da Terra, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Diadema/São Paulo, Brazil.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Anti-adipogenic activities of Alnus incana and Populus balsamifera bark extracts, part II: bioassay-...
Next Document:  Anatomical and technical tips for use of the superficial inferior epigastric artery (SIEA) flap in b...