Document Detail


Antithrombotic treatment failures in antiphospholipid syndrome: the new anticoagulants?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20353992     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Anticoagulation with oral vitamin K antagonists (VKA) is the mainstay of the treatment of venous and/or arterial thromboembolism in patients with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS), although the optimal intensity of anticoagulation remains controversial. The limitations of existing anticoagulants have driven a search for novel agents. Dabigatran etexilate (Pradaxa), a direct thrombin inhibitor (DTI), and rivaroxaban (Xarelto), the first in a new class of drugs, the oral direct factor Xa (FXa) inhibitors, are both fixed-dose orally administered agents. They are now licensed in the UK and Europe for the prevention of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in adult patients undergoing elective total hip replacement (THR) or total knee replacement (TKR). Prospective randomized clinical trials suggest that these agents, and also apixaban, a further oral direct anti-Xa inhibitor, may have potential in other areas including the treatment of acute VTE, prevention of stroke or systemic embolism in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and acute coronary syndromes. Here, we summarize current indications for these agents and address the potential for their use in patients with thrombotic APS.
Authors:
H Cohen; S J Machin
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Lupus     Volume:  19     ISSN:  1477-0962     ISO Abbreviation:  Lupus     Publication Date:  2010 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-03-31     Completed Date:  2010-06-30     Revised Date:  2010-09-01    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9204265     Medline TA:  Lupus     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  486-91     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Haematology, University College London, London, UK. hannah.cohen@uclh.nhs.uk
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Animals
Anticoagulants / pharmacology,  therapeutic use*
Antiphospholipid Syndrome / complications,  drug therapy*
Drug Design
Fibrinolytic Agents / pharmacology,  therapeutic use*
Humans
Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
Thromboembolism / drug therapy,  etiology
Treatment Outcome
Vitamin K / antagonists & inhibitors
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anticoagulants; 0/Fibrinolytic Agents; 12001-79-5/Vitamin K

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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