Document Detail

Antisecretory and protective properties of prostaglandin analogues in man.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6532124     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Several prostaglandins inhibit gastric acid secretion and prevent ulcer formation in animals by mechanisms that are independent from each other. Little is known about these properties in humans. The effects of 16,16-dimethyl-prostaglandin E2 and the thiaprostaglandin E2 EMD 33 290 were tested on basal acid secretion as well as on the aspirin- and bile salt-induced fall of gastric transmucosal potential difference in man. 16,16-dm PGE2 and EMD 33 290 prevented the drop in gastric potential difference caused by 1000 mg aspirin or 50 ml of 4 mmol/l Na-taurocholate. The protective doses against aspirin were 0.1 microgram and 50 micrograms for 16,16-dm PGE, and EMD 33 290 respectively. Against Na-taurocholate, doses of 1.0 microgram and 250 micrograms were effective. By contrast, 20-100 times higher doses of both prostaglandin analogues were necessary to inhibit gastric acid secretion. Half maximal inhibition of basal acid output was achieved by 0.1 microgram/kg b.w. of 16,16-dm PGE2 and by 28 micrograms/kg b.w. EMD 33 290. In analogy to animal findings, antisecretory prostaglandins protect the human stomach against aspirin and bile salts in doses which are much smaller than the threshold antisecretory ones.
P Müller; H G Dammann; B Simon
Related Documents :
1783914 - The united kingdom transient ischaemic attack (uk-tia) aspirin trial: final results.
19673674 - Individualized therapy for pericarditis.
8977334 - Effects of aspirin and helicobacter pylori on the gastroduodenal mucosal permeability t...
617804 - Antiinflammatory activity: evaluation of a new screening procedure.
2261244 - Pharmacokinetics and toxic effects of nifedipine in massive overdose.
11973194 - The absence of acute tolerance during remifentanil infusion in volunteers.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta physiologica Hungarica     Volume:  64     ISSN:  0231-424X     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Physiol Hung     Publication Date:  1984  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1985-05-20     Completed Date:  1985-05-20     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8309201     Medline TA:  Acta Physiol Hung     Country:  HUNGARY    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  361-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
16,16-Dimethylprostaglandin E2 / pharmacology
Aspirin / adverse effects
Bile Acids and Salts / toxicity
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Gastric Acid / secretion*
Gastric Mucosa / drug effects*
Membrane Potentials / drug effects
Prostaglandins, Synthetic / pharmacology*
Stomach Ulcer / chemically induced,  prevention & control*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Bile Acids and Salts; 0/Prostaglandins, Synthetic; 39746-25-3/16,16-Dimethylprostaglandin E2; 50-78-2/Aspirin; 82468-60-8/EMD 33290

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Gastrointestinal cytoprotection by indomethacin + sodium salicylate combination in rat.
Next Document:  Evidence for the existence of gastric cytoprotective effect of atropine and cimetidine in humans.