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Antisecretory actions of Baccharis trimera (Less.) DC aqueous extract and isolated compounds: Analysis of underlying mechanisms.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21575703     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Baccharis trimera (Less.) DC. (Asteraceae) is a species native to South America used in Brazilian folk medicine to treat gastrointestinal and liver diseases, kidney disorders and diabetes. Previous studies from this laboratory confirmed the antacid and antiulcer activities of the plant aqueous extract (AE) in rat and mouse models. AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate the mechanisms involved in the antacid action of AE and isolated compounds from Baccharis trimera. MATERIALS AND METHODS: AE was assayed in vivo in cold-restraint stress gastric ulcers and in pylorus-ligated mice. Nine fractions (F2-F10) previously isolated from AE were assayed in vitro on acid secretion measured as [(14)C]-aminopyrine ([(14)C]-AP) accumulation in rabbit gastric glands, and on gastric microsomal H(+), K(+)-ATPase preparations. Chlorogenic acids (F2, F3, F6, F7), flavonoids (F9), an ent-clerodane diterpene (F8) and a dilactonic neo-clerodane diterpene (F10) have been identified in these fractions. RESULTS: Intraduodenal injection of AE (1.0 and 2.0g/kg) in 4h pylorus-ligated mice decreased the volume (20 and 50%) and total acidity (34 and 50%) of acid secretion compared to control values. Administered orally at the same doses AE protected against gastric mucosal lesions induced in mice by restraint at 4°C. Exposure of isolated rabbit gastric glands to fractions F8 (10-100μM) and F9 (10-300μg/ml) decreased the basal [(14)C]-AP uptake by 50 and 60% of control (ratio=6.2±1.1), whereas the remaining fractions were inactive. In the presence of the secretagogues F2 and F4 (30-300μg/ml) decreased the [(14)C]-AP uptake induced by histamine (His) with a 100-fold lower potency than that of ranitidine. F5 and F6 reduced the [(14)C]-AP uptake stimulated by carbachol (CCh), but they were 10 to 20-fold less potent than atropine. F8 (diterpene 2) and F9 (flavonoids) decreased both the His- and CCh-induced [(14)C]-AP uptake, whereas F10 (diterpene 1) was inactive against the [(14)C]-AP uptake stimulated by secretagogues. Diterpene 2 was the most active of all tested compounds being 7-fold less potent than ranitidine and equipotent to atropine in reducing acid secretion in vitro. This compound also reduced the gastric H(+), K(+)-ATPase activity by 20% of control, while the remaining fractions were inactive on the proton pump in vitro. CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate that Baccharis trimera presents constituents that inhibit gastric acid secretion by acting mainly on the cholinergic regulatory pathway. The plant extract also contains compounds that exert moderate inhibition of the histaminergic regulatory pathway of acid secretion and the gastric proton pump. Altogether these active constituents appear to provide effective inhibition of acid secretion in vivo, which may explain the reputed antiulcer activity of the plant extract.
Authors:
Thais Maíra A Biondo; Mirtes M Tanae; Eliana Della Coletta; Maria Teresa R Lima-Landman; Antonio J Lapa; Caden Souccar
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-5-6
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of ethnopharmacology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1872-7573     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-5-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7903310     Medline TA:  J Ethnopharmacol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
Affiliation:
Department of Pharmacology, Natural Products Section, Escola Paulista de Medicina/Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.
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