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Antiproliferative and cytotoxic activity of extracts from Cistus incanus L. and Cistus monspeliensis L. on human prostate cell lines.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20544500     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH) is a common condition in elderly men that impairs quality of life and leads to a number of medical complications. The use of phytotherapeutic compounds in patients with relatively moderate BPH symptoms has been growing steadily. In the present study, acute toxicity of lyophilised aqueous extracts of Cistus incanus L. and Cistus monspeliensis L., collected in Sicily, was evaluated on the shrimp (Artemia salina L.) lethality assay, an alternative test to determine the toxicity of natural products. The cytotoxic and growth inhibitory effects were studied on normal human prostate cells (PZ-HPV-7 and PNT1A) and on a lung fibroblast cell line (V79-4). Cell proliferation was evaluated by MTT and SRB assays. Cytotoxicity was measured using the Trypan blue exclusion assay. Cistus extract treatment on prostate cell lines resulted in an almost identical growth inhibitory response and in a significant decrease in an cell viability. These findings indicate the biologically relevant effect of polyphenolic compounds present in Cistus extracts, and suggest that these substances may prove beneficial in BPH treatment.
Authors:
Federica Vitali; Giuseppa Pennisi; Giuseppa Attaguile; Francesca Savoca; Beatrice Tita
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Natural product research     Volume:  25     ISSN:  1478-6427     ISO Abbreviation:  Nat. Prod. Res.     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-02-04     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101167924     Medline TA:  Nat Prod Res     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  188-202     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Physiology and Pharmacology "Vittorio Erspamer", University of Rome "Sapienza", P.le A. Moro 5, 00185 Rome, Italy.
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