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Antioxidant activity and phenolic content of wine vinegars produced by two different techniques.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20589746     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: The presence of phenolics in fruit, red wine and vinegar has positive health effects due to their significant antioxidant activity. The aim of the study was to determine the effects of two different vinegar production methods on antioxidant activity and phenolic level of vinegars derived from Ulugbey Karasi grapes. Traditional surface and industrial submerge methods were used to make vinegar. Samples were taken from fresh red grape juice, maceration, wine, traditional vinegar and industrial vinegar.
RESULTS: Total phenolic content of traditional and industrial vinegar samples were 2690 mg L(-1) and 2461 mg L(-1) GAE, respectively. ORAC values of traditional and industrial vinegar samples were 10.50 micromol mL(-1)and 8.84 micromol mL(-1) TE, respectively. Antioxidant activity values of traditional and industrial vinegars were 13.50 mmol L(-1) and 10.37 mmol L(-1) TEAC, respectively. Gallic acid, catechin, epicatechin, chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, syringic acid, p-coumaric acid and ferulic acid were detected in grape juice, wine and vinegar samples. The content of catechin in industrial vinegar (27.50 mg L(-1)) was significantly higher than that of in traditional vinegar (13.76 mg L(-1)) (P < 0.05). Traditional vinegar had higher amounts of chlorogenic and syringic acids than the industrial vinegar (P > 0.05).
CONCLUSION: Results of this study showed that different production methods affected the functional constituents of wine vinegars.
Authors:
Havva Nilgun Budak; Zeynep B Guzel-Seydim
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the science of food and agriculture     Volume:  90     ISSN:  1097-0010     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Sci. Food Agric.     Publication Date:  2010 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-08-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376334     Medline TA:  J Sci Food Agric     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2021-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2010 Society of Chemical Industry.
Affiliation:
Department of Food Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Suleyman Demirel University, 32260 Isparta, Turkey. nilgun@sdu.edu.tr
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