Document Detail

Antimicrobial systems of human whole saliva in relation to dental caries, cariogenic bacteria, and gingival inflammation in young adults.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3164564     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The association of salivary antibody (total IgA, IgG, and IgM and antibodies reactive with Streptococcus mutans) and non-antibody (lysozyme, lactoferrin, salivary peroxidase, myeloperoxidase, hypothiocyanite, thiocyanate) defense factors with oral health (past and present dental caries, gingival bleeding, the number of salivary S. mutans and lactobacilli) were studied in 50 naval recruits. Dental caries was significantly associated with large amounts of S. mutans, lactobacilli, and total salivary immunoglobulins and with low salivary flow rate and buffer capacity. Salivary anti-S. mutans antibodies did not correlate with dental caries or S. mutans levels. Moreover, none of the salivary non-antibody factors alone had any strong relationship to dental caries or S. mutans levels. Gingival inflammation was associated with elevated levels of lysozyme in whole saliva. It is concluded that in adults the associations between single-point measurements of most salivary antimicrobial constituents and the factors describing oral health are weak.
E Gråhn; J Tenovuo; O P Lehtonen; E Eerola; P Vilja
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta odontologica Scandinavica     Volume:  46     ISSN:  0001-6357     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Odontol. Scand.     Publication Date:  1988 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1988-07-29     Completed Date:  1988-07-29     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370344     Medline TA:  Acta Odontol Scand     Country:  NORWAY    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  67-74     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
Turku Naval Base, Finland.
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MeSH Terms
DMF Index
Dental Caries / diagnosis*,  microbiology
Gingivitis / diagnosis*
Immunoglobulin A, Secretory / analysis
Lactobacillus / immunology,  isolation & purification*
Muramidase / analysis
Periodontal Index
Saliva / enzymology,  immunology,  physiology*
Salivary Proteins and Peptides / analysis
Secretory Rate
Streptococcus mutans / immunology,  isolation & purification*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Immunoglobulin A, Secretory; 0/Salivary Proteins and Peptides; EC

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