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Antimicrobial Effects of Silver Nanoparticles against Bacterial Cells Adhered to Stainless Steel Surfaces.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22488058     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Given the increasing number of antibiotic-resistant bacteria and the need to synthesize new antimicrobials, silver has attracted interest in the scientific community because of its recognized antimicrobial activity. This study aimed to evaluate the antimicrobial effects of silver nanoparticles (NP) obtained by a new method and tested at concentrations of 6 μg/ml and 60 μg/ml against the species Staphylococcus aureus, Listeria innocua, Salmonella Choleraesuis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, and Bacillus cereus. The ability of these nanoparticles to remove or kill vegetative cells adhered to stainless steel surfaces was also evaluated. We observed that the NP obtained with the new method, concentrated silver nanoparticles (CNP), and silver nanoparticles with added sodium chloride (NPNaCl) had high antimicrobial activities (P < 0.05). We also verified that the most effective condition for the removal of P. aeruginosa cells on stainless steel coupons (10 by 10 mm) was immersion of the surfaces in CNP. The CNP treatment produced a 5-log reduction of the microbial population after 30 to 60 min of immersion. The CNP treatment also performed better than water and sodium carbonate, a compound commonly applied in clean-in-place procedures in the food industry, in removing adherent B. cereus cells from stainless steel cylinders. Therefore, these results suggest that NP synthesized by a new procedure may be used as antimicrobials in the food industry, for example, for the sanitization of utensils that come into contact with foods.
Authors:
Emiliane A Araújo; Nélio J Andrade; Luis Henrique M da Silva; Patrícia C Bernardes; Alvaro V N de C Teixeira; João Paulo N de Sá; José Felício Q Fialho; Patrícia E Fernandes
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of food protection     Volume:  75     ISSN:  1944-9097     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Food Prot.     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-04-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7703944     Medline TA:  J Food Prot     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  701-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Food Technology Department, Federal University of Viçosa, 36570-000, Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil.
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