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Antihypertensive and renoprotective effects of trandolapril/verapamil combination: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20535140     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Both trandolapril and verapamil are effective and widely used antihypertensive agents. The aim of this study was to estimate the efficacy and tolerability of trandolapril/verapamil (Tr/Ve) combination for blood pressure control and renoprotection. PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane Library were searched for relevant studies. A meta-analysis of all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) meeting the criteria was performed. Twelve RCTs were ultimately included out of 62 studies. (1) Combination versus trandolapril: a greater diastolic blood pressure (DBP) reduction (weighted mean difference (WMD): 3.71, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.84-5.57); a greater reduction in albuminuria (WMD: 136.77, 95% CI: 12.44-261.09). There were no differences in reduction in systolic blood pressure (SBP), blood pressure response rate or proteinuria. (2) Combination versus verapamil: a greater SBP reduction (WMD: 6.14, 95% CI: 3.59-8.70); a greater DBP reduction (WMD: 2.49, 95% CI: 0.81-4.17); a greater reduction in proteinuria (standardized mean difference: 0.84, 95% CI: 0.22-1.45); a greater reduction in albuminuria (WMD: 255.00, 95% CI: 119.26-390.74). (3) Incidence of all-cause adverse events (AEs) was comparable between combination and monotherapy. The present meta-analysis indicates that Tr/Ve combination provides a superior blood pressure control and a favourable renoprotective effect without an increase of overall AEs than verapamil monotherapy. The combination also shows a slight advantage over trandolapril monotherapy by reducing DBP and albuminuria to a greater extent.
Authors:
Z Zou; F-Y Xu; L Wang; M-M An; H Zhang; X-Y Shi
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-06-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of human hypertension     Volume:  25     ISSN:  1476-5527     ISO Abbreviation:  J Hum Hypertens     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-02-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8811625     Medline TA:  J Hum Hypertens     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  203-10     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Anesthesiology, Changzheng Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, PR China.
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