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Antifailure therapy including spironolactone improves left ventricular energy supply-demand relations in nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25164945     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular (LV) energy supply-demand imbalance is postulated to cause "energy starvation" and contribute to heart failure (HF) in nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (NIDCM). Using cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) and [(11)C] acetate positron emission tomography (PET), we evaluated LV perfusion and oxidative metabolism in NIDCM and the effects of spironolactone on LV supply-demand relations.
METHODS AND RESULTS: Twelve patients with NIDCM underwent CMR and PET at baseline and after ≥6 months of spironolactone therapy added to a standard HF regimen. The myocardial perfusion reserve index (MPRI) was calculated after gadolinium injection during adenosine, as compared to rest. The monoexponential clearance rate of [(11)C] acetate (kmono) was used to calculate the work metabolic index (WMI), an index of LV mechanical efficiency, and kmono/RPP (rate-pressure product), an index of energy supply/demand. At baseline, the subendocardium was hypoperfused versus the subepicardium (median MPRI, 1.63 vs. 1.80; P<0.001), but improved to 1.80 (P<0.001) after spironolactone. The WMI increased (P=0.001), as did kmono/RPP (P=0.003). These improvements were associated with reverse remodeling, increased LV ejection fraction, and decreases in LV mass and systolic wall stress (all P<0.002).
CONCLUSIONS: NIDCM is associated with subendocardial hypoperfusion and impaired myocardial oxidative metabolism, consistent with energy starvation. Antifailure therapy improves parameters of energy starvation and is associated with augmented LV performance.
CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ Unique identifier: ID NCT00574119.
Authors:
Susan P Bell; Douglas W Adkisson; Mark A Lawson; Li Wang; Henry Ooi; Douglas B Sawyer; Marvin W Kronenberg
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2014-08-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Heart Association     Volume:  3     ISSN:  2047-9980     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Heart Assoc     Publication Date:  2014  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-08-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101580524     Medline TA:  J Am Heart Assoc     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2014 The Authors. Published on behalf of the American Heart Association, Inc., by Wiley Blackwell.
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