Document Detail


Antidiabetic efficacy of obesity surgery in Germany: A quality assurance nationwide survey.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24182447     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Obesity and diabetes usually co-exist. Obesity surgery seems to offer solutions for both. The objective of this study was to show the effect of obesity surgery on the diabetic profile.
METHODS: Data on obesity surgery in Germany (2005-2011) were collected from the Institute of Quality Assurance at the research university. Follow-up of the diabetic profile at 1, 2, and up to 6 years after surgery was done.
RESULTS: Among 17,670 patients, 5,506 (31.2%) were diabetics. Follow-up was accomplished in 87.4%, 82.5%, and 68.9% of eligible patients at 1, 2, and up to 6 years, respectively, after surgery. Of the study participants, 38.2% were insulin-treated (IT) patients and 61.8% were noninsulin-treated patients (NIT). Of the patients' procedures, 2878 (52.3%) Roux-en-Y gastric bypasses (RYGB), 1711 (31.1%) sleeve gastrectomies (SG), 679 (12.3%) laparoscopic adjustable gastric bands (LAGB), 165 (3%) biliopancreatic diversions with duodenal switch (BPD/DS), and 68 (1.3%) biliopancreatic diversions (BPD) were performed. Female gender percentage and mean body mass index (BMI) were significantly higher in the RYGB and LAGB groups. Mean age was significantly higher in BPD/DS group. At 1 year, remission/improvement (RI) percentage was 83.5%, 82.5%, 67.8%, 93.4%, and 84.8% after RYGB, SG, LAGB, BPD, and BPD/DS, respectively. At 2 years, RI% was 84.9%, 79.5%, 67.7%, 94.5%, and 90.9% after RYGB, SG, LAGB, BPD, and BPD/DS, respectively. At late follow-up, RI% was 83.2%, 59.5%, 58.9%, 100%, and 86.4% after RYGB, SG, LAGB, BPD, and BPD/DS, respectively. IT patients showed insignificantly higher RI% than NIT patients at all follow-up points. Malabsorptive procedures (RYGB, BPD, and BPD/DS) showed a significantly higher RI% than restrictive procedures (LAGB and SG) at late follow-up.
CONCLUSION: Obesity surgery has promising antidiabetic efficacy, especially in IT patients. Malabsorptive procedures show higher, gradually descending, but durable antidiabetic efficacy.
Authors:
Rudolf Weiner; Islam El-Sayes; Thomas Manger; Sylvia Weiner; Hans Lippert; Christine Stroh;
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-7-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Surgery for obesity and related diseases : official journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1878-7533     ISO Abbreviation:  Surg Obes Relat Dis     Publication Date:  2013 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-11-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101233161     Medline TA:  Surg Obes Relat Dis     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 American Society for Bariatric Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Surgery Department, Sachsenhausen Hospital, Frankfurt am Main, Germany. Electronic address: rweiner@khs-ffm.de.
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