Document Detail

Anticipatory control related to the upward propulsive force during the rising on tiptoe from an upright standing position.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15045509     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The purpose of the present investigation was to explore whether and how the amplitude and/or duration parameters of anticipatory postural adjustments (APAs) affect the upward propulsive force (Delta FZamp) during rising on tiptoes from upright standing position. Seven subjects initiated the movement of rising on tiptoe from a strictly regulated initial body position at various velocities at the subjects' own spontaneous pace. In this experiment, electromyographic (EMG) activities of the muscles in the tibialis anterior (TA) and soleus, the goniogram in the ankle joint, and the anteroposterior and vertical ground reaction forces were simultaneously recorded. The average amplitude and the duration of the EMG activities and ground reaction force were measured, and the displacement of the center of body mass and the center of foot pressure (CP) were calculated and reported as the mean value plus its standard deviation. Delta FZamp correlated positively and significantly with the maximum backward CP shift, the average amplitude of the backward loading and the average EMG amplitude in the TA in the anticipation phase, whereas Delta FZamp did not correlate positively or significantly with the anticipatory duration of the backward CP shift of the backward loading and of the EMG activity in the TA. These results suggest that the amplitude parameters of the APAs associated with rising on tiptoes are dependent on the upward propulsive force, and that APAs may be directly involved not only with compensation of postural disturbance but also with increasing performance of the focal movement.
Taro Ito; Takashi Azuma; Noriyoshi Yamashita
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article     Date:  2004-03-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of applied physiology     Volume:  92     ISSN:  1439-6319     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. J. Appl. Physiol.     Publication Date:  2004 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-05-28     Completed Date:  2004-12-21     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100954790     Medline TA:  Eur J Appl Physiol     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  186-95     Citation Subset:  IM    
Laboratory of Health Science, Sapientia University, Amagasaki, 661-8530 Hyogo, Japan
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MeSH Terms
Adaptation, Physiological / physiology
Ankle Joint / physiology*
Electromyography / methods
Feedback / physiology
Movement / physiology*
Muscle Contraction / physiology*
Muscle, Skeletal / physiology*
Postural Balance / physiology*
Posture / physiology*
Psychomotor Performance / physiology
Stress, Mechanical
Toes / physiology*

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