Document Detail

Anticancer activity of 2α, 3α, 19β, 23β-Tetrahydroxyurs-12-en-28-oic acid (THA), a novel triterpenoid isolated from Sinojackia sarcocarpa.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21695177     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Natural products represent an important source for agents of cancer prevention and cancer treatment. More than 60% of conventional anticancer drugs are derived from natural sources, particularly from plant-derived materials. In this study, 2α, 3α, 19β, 23β-tetrahydroxyurs-12-en-28-oic acid (THA), a novel triterpenoid from the leaves of Sinojackia sarcocarpa, was isolated, and its anticancer activity was investigated both in vitro and in vivo.
PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: THA possessed potent tumor selected toxicity in vitro. It exhibited significantly higher cytotoxicity to the cancer cell lines A2780 and HepG2 than to IOSE144 and QSG7701, two noncancerous cell lines derived from ovary epithelium and liver, respectively. Moreover, THA showed a dose-dependent inhibitory effect on A2780 ovary tumor growth in vivo in nude mice. THA induced a dose-dependent apoptosis and G2/M cell cycle arrest in A2780 and HepG2 cells. The THA-induced cell cycle arrest was accompanied by a downregulation of Cdc2. The apoptosis induced by THA was evident by induction of DNA fragmentation, release of cytoplasmic Cytochrome c from mitochondria, activation of caspases, downregulation of Bcl-2 and upregulation of Bax.
CONCLUSION: The primary data indicated that THA exhibit a high toxicity toward two cancer cells than their respective non-cancerous counterparts and has a significant anticancer activity both in vitro and in vivo. Thus, THA and/or its derivatives may have great potential in the prevention and treatment of human ovary tumors and other malignancies.
Ouchen Wang; Sujun Liu; Jiawei Zou; Liting Lu; Lin Chen; Sunquan Qiu; He Li; Xincheng Lu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2011-06-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  PloS one     Volume:  6     ISSN:  1932-6203     ISO Abbreviation:  PLoS ONE     Publication Date:  2011  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-06-22     Completed Date:  2011-10-21     Revised Date:  2013-06-28    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101285081     Medline TA:  PLoS One     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  e21130     Citation Subset:  IM    
Institute of Genomic Medicine, Wenzhou Medical College, Wenzhou, China.
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MeSH Terms
Antineoplastic Agents / isolation & purification*,  pharmacology*
Apoptosis / drug effects
Cell Division / drug effects
Cell Line, Tumor
G2 Phase / drug effects
Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic / drug effects
Oleanolic Acid / analogs & derivatives*,  isolation & purification,  pharmacology
Styracaceae / chemistry*
Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antineoplastic Agents; 508-02-1/Oleanolic Acid; 55306-03-1/sericic acid

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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