Document Detail


Antibodies to cytokeratin filaments in patients with alcoholic liver disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6203426     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Previous studies have suggested that cytoskeletal elements in an altered form in vivo (alcoholic hyalin , AH) are targets for an autoimmune reaction in alcoholic liver disease (ALD). In this study we assayed autoantibodies to cytoskeletal cytoskeletal cytokeratin filaments, intermediate filaments of epithelial cells, by indirect immunofluorescence technique (IIF) using cultured human amnion epithelial cells and PtK 2 cells as targets. Sera from 20 patients with ALD, 38 patients with urogenital cancer, 22 patients with renal diseases, and from 18 healthy controls were studied. Patients with ALD had a significantly increased prevalence of cytokeratin filament autoantibodies using both PtK 2 cells (69%) and human amnion epithelial cells (69%) as substrate, as compared to other groups. The antibodies were mainly of IgA and IgM class and could be demonstrated in all forms of ALD. Interestingly, cytoskeleton antibodies have previously been observed in diseases of viral and "autoimmune" origin.
Authors:
P Kurki; I Virtanen; V P Lehto; O Alfthan; M Salaspuro
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Alcoholism, clinical and experimental research     Volume:  8     ISSN:  0145-6008     ISO Abbreviation:  Alcohol. Clin. Exp. Res.     Publication Date:    1984 Mar-Apr
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1984-07-05     Completed Date:  1984-07-05     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7707242     Medline TA:  Alcohol Clin Exp Res     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  212-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Autoantibodies / analysis*
Cytoskeleton / immunology*
Female
Fluorescent Antibody Technique
Humans
Keratins / immunology*
Liver Diseases, Alcoholic / immunology*
Male
Middle Aged
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Autoantibodies; 68238-35-7/Keratins

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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