Document Detail

Antibiotic therapy for acute Q fever in The Netherlands in 2007 and 2008 and its relation to hospitalization.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21087542     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
SUMMARYData about the effectiveness of different antibiotic regimens for the treatment of acute Q fever from clinical studies is scarce. We analysed the antibiotic treatment regimens of acute Q fever patients in 2007 and 2008 in The Netherlands and assessed whether hospitalization after a minimum of 2 days antibiotic therapy was related to the initial antibiotic therapy. Clinical data on antibiotic treatment and risk factors of acute Q fever patients were obtained from general practitioner medical records and self-reported by patients. For the 438 study patients, doxycycline was the most commonly prescribed initial antibiotic in both study years. After adjustments for confounding factors, doxycycline (200 mg/day), moxifloxacin, as well as other possibly effective antibiotics [including other new fluoroquinolones and doxycycline (100 mg/day)] showed significant lower risks for hospitalization compared to β-lactam antibiotics and azithromycin (reference group), with the lowest risk for doxycycline (200 mg/day) (odds ratio 0·04, 95% confidence interval 0·01-0·22). These data support current guidelines that recommend doxycycline as the first choice antibiotic for treating acute Q fever.
F Dijkstra; J Riphagen-Dalhuisen; N Wijers; E Hak; M A B VAN DER Sande; G Morroy; P M Schneeberger; B Schimmer; D W Notermans; W VAN DER Hoek
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2010-11-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Epidemiology and infection     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1469-4409     ISO Abbreviation:  Epidemiol. Infect.     Publication Date:  2010 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-19     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8703737     Medline TA:  Epidemiol Infect     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  1-10     Citation Subset:  -    
Centre for Infectious Disease Control, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands.
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