Document Detail

Anti-obesity effects of the methanolic extract and chakasaponins from the flower buds of Camellia sinensis in mice.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21925888     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The methanolic extract from the flower buds of Camellia sinensis cultivated in Fujian Province showed inhibitory effects on body weight gain and the weight of visceral fats in high-fat diet-fed mice and/or Tsumura Suzuki Obese Diabetic (TSOD) mice. A suppressive effect of the extract on food intake was suggested to contribute to the anti-obesity effect. The n-butanol (BuOH)-soluble fraction also reduced food intake in normal diet-fed mice. A principal constituent, chakasaponin II, inhibited gastric emptying (GE) as well as food intake. These inhibitory effects were partly reduced by pretreatment with a high dose of capsaicin. The n-BuOH-soluble fraction and chakasaponin II suppressed mRNA levels of neuropeptide Y (NPY), an important regulator of body weight through its effects on food intake and energy expenditure, in the hypothalamus. Furthermore, chakasaponin II enhanced the release of serotonin (5-HT) from the isolated ilea of mice in vitro. These findings suggested that the active saponins suppressed the appetite signals in the hypothalamus through stimulation of the capsaicin-sensitive sensory nerves, probably vagal afferent nerves, or enhancement of 5-HT release from the ilea, leading to reduced food intake and body weight gain.
Makoto Hamao; Hisashi Matsuda; Seikou Nakamura; Souichi Nakashima; Shunsuke Semura; Saori Maekubo; Sachiyo Wakasugi; Masayuki Yoshikawa
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-8-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1464-3391     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-9-19     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9413298     Medline TA:  Bioorg Med Chem     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Kyoto Pharmaceutical University, Misasagi, Yamashina-ku, Kyoto 607-8412, Japan.
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