Document Detail


Anti-inflammatory therapy in an ovine model of fetal hypoxia induced by single umbilical artery ligation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21211468     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Perinatal morbidity and mortality are significantly higher in pregnancies complicated by chronic hypoxia and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). Clinically, placental insufficiency and IUGR are strongly associated with a fetoplacental inflammatory response. To explore this further, hypoxia was induced in one fetus in twin-bearing pregnant sheep (n=9) by performing single umbilical artery ligation (SUAL) at 110 days gestation. Five ewes were administered the anti-inflammatory drug sulfasalazine (SSZ) daily, beginning 24h before surgery. Fetal blood gases and inflammatory markers were examined. In both SSZ- and placebo-treated ewes, SUAL fetuses were hypoxic and growth-restricted at 1 week (P<0.05). A fetoplacental inflammatory response was observed in SUAL pregnancies, with elevated pro-inflammatory cytokines, activin A and prostaglandin E(2). SSZ did not mitigate this inflammatory response. It is concluded that SUAL induces fetal hypoxia and a fetoplacental inflammatory response and that SSZ does not improve oxygenation or reduce inflammation. Further studies to explore whether alternative anti-inflammatory treatments may improve IUGR outcomes are warranted.
Authors:
Micka C Bertucci; Jan M Loose; Euan M Wallace; Graham Jenkin; Suzanne L Miller
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Reproduction, fertility, and development     Volume:  23     ISSN:  1031-3613     ISO Abbreviation:  Reprod. Fertil. Dev.     Publication Date:  2011  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-01-07     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8907465     Medline TA:  Reprod Fertil Dev     Country:  Australia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  346-52     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Physiology, Monash University, Clayton, Vic. 3168, Australia.
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