Document Detail


Anti-Bacterial Factors Secreted From Cumulus Cells of Ovulated COCs Enhance Sperm Capacitation During In Vitro Fertilization.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23034013     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PROBLEM: The aim of this study was to find immune-related genes expressed in cumulus cells of ovulated cumulus oocyte complexes (COCs) and to clear the functional roles during fertilization process. METHOD OF STUDY: Ovulated COCs were collected from oviduct 16 hr after the hCG injections followed by eCG priming. The cumulus cells were used for RT-PCR or western blotting study. COCs were also used for in vitro fertilization study. RESULTS: Cramp, Trf, Lyz2, S100a8, and S100a9 were expressed in cumulus cells during ovulation process. The protein levels of CRAMP or transferrin were detected in ovulated COCs and then secreted into hyaluronan-rich matrix. The high dose of these factors reduced the proliferative activity of E. coli; however, the lower levels of them significantly increased the rate of fertilization in in vitro via the induction of sperm capacitation. CONCLUSION: Cumulus-secreted anti-bacterial factors act on sperm to induce sperm capacitation.
Authors:
Masayuki Shimada; Toshihiro Mihara; Ikko Kawashima; Tetsuji Okazaki
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of reproductive immunology (New York, N.Y. : 1989)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1600-0897     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Reprod. Immunol.     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8912860     Medline TA:  Am J Reprod Immunol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S.
Affiliation:
Laboratory of Reproductive Endocrinology, Graduate School of Biosphere Science, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan.
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