Document Detail

Anthropometric, metabolic, psychosocial, and dietary characteristics of overweight/obese postmenopausal women with a history of weight cycling: a MONET (Montreal Ottawa New Emerging Team) study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19328269     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Characteristics of weight cyclers have not been fully assessed. The objective of this study was to determine the anthropometric, metabolic, psychosocial, and dietary profile of postmenopausal women according to weight-cycling history, defined as the frequency of going on a diet and losing >10 kg: never (0 times), low (1 time), moderate (2 to 3 times), or frequent (> or = 4 times). The sample of this cross-sectional study consisted of 121 overweight/obese postmenopausal women enrolled in a 6-month randomized weight-loss intervention between 2003 and 2006. Measures at baseline were used to evaluate body composition (fat mass by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry and visceral fat by computed tomography); resting metabolic rate by indirect calorimetry; insulin sensitivity by hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp; fasting plasma levels of glucose, lipids, leptin, ghrelin, and adiponectin; blood pressure; psychosocial profile (eg, body-esteem, self-esteem, stress, perceived risks, perceived benefits, self-efficacy, quality of life, dietary restraint, disinhibition, hunger); and dietary profile (3-day food record). Differences among groups of weight cyclers were determined using analyses of variance. Among the 121 women, 15.7%, 24.8%, 33.9%, and 25.6% were non-, low, moderate, and frequent cyclers, respectively. Frequent cyclers were characterized by higher body mass index (calculated as kg/m(2)) (current and at 25 years of age) and percent body fat mass, larger waist circumference, and lower resting metabolic rate/kg body weight than noncyclers (P<0.05); and moderate cyclers had lower plasma adiponectin values than noncyclers (P<0.05). For psychosocial measures, frequent cyclers were characterized by greater disinhibition and lower body esteem after controlling for body mass index (P<0.05). In conclusion, weight cycling was found to be associated with some unfavorable metabolic and psychosocial parameters.
Irene Strychar; Marie-Eve Lavoie; Lyne Messier; Antony D Karelis; Eric Doucet; Denis Prud'homme; Jonathan Fontaine; Rémi Rabasa-Lhoret
Related Documents :
1894039 - Changes in body composition with danazol therapy.
19290009 - Variants of the interleukin-1 receptor antagonist gene are associated with fat mass in ...
7595619 - Individuals with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis are in caloric balance despite losses in...
21152049 - Metabolic and transcriptomic responses of weaned pigs induced by different dietary amyl...
12491089 - Relative contribution of lean and fat mass component to bone mineral density in males.
1636609 - Regional changes in body composition by time of year in healthy postmenopausal women.
24584039 - Zidovudine induces visceral mitochondrial toxicity and intraabdominal fat gain in a rod...
8775359 - The influence of physical activity on bmr.
19679649 - Responses to the cannabinoid receptor-1 antagonist, am251, are more robust with age and...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Dietetic Association     Volume:  109     ISSN:  1878-3570     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Diet Assoc     Publication Date:  2009 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-03-30     Completed Date:  2009-04-10     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503061     Medline TA:  J Am Diet Assoc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  718-24     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Département de Nutrition, Université de Montréal, 2405Chemin de la Côte Ste-Catherine, Montréal, Québec H3T1A8, Canada.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Absorptiometry, Photon / methods
Adiponectin / blood
Analysis of Variance
Basal Metabolism / physiology*
Blood Glucose / metabolism
Body Composition / physiology
Body Mass Index
Calorimetry, Indirect / methods
Cross-Sectional Studies
Glucose Clamp Technique
Insulin / metabolism
Middle Aged
Obesity / diet therapy*,  metabolism,  psychology
Overweight / diet therapy*,  metabolism,  psychology
Postmenopause / metabolism,  psychology
Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
Self Concept
Self Efficacy
Weight Gain / physiology*
Weight Loss / physiology*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Adiponectin; 0/Blood Glucose; 11061-68-0/Insulin

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Comparative effects of three popular diets on lipids, endothelial function, and C-reactive protein d...
Next Document:  A brief dietary screener: appropriate for overweight Latino adolescents?