Document Detail

Anteroposterior and varus-valgus laxity of the knee increase after stair climbing in patients with mild osteoarthritis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21877246     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The aim of this study was to measure exercise-induced changes in knee joint laxity in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). The study subjects were 46 female patients with OA and 22 age- and sex-matched normal controls. Radiographs of the knee were taken in all subjects, and the disease severity was graded according to the Kellgren and Lawrence (K-L) grading system. The K-L grade of the control subjects (non-OA group) was 0-1. The OA patients were divided into those with mild OA (K-L grade 2, n = 20) and advanced OA (K-L grade 3-4, n = 26). The subject climbed up and down 8 steps on a staircase apparatus over a period of 10 min. The anteroposterior (A-P) translation was measured with KT2000 arthrometer, and varus-valgus (V-V) rotation was measured on stress radiographs before and after the stair climbing. The Δchange in A-P translation after the exercise was significantly larger in mild OA group than other groups (P < 0.005). The Δchange in V-V rotation after exercise was significantly larger in mild and advanced OA groups than the control (P < 0.003). There were no significant differences in A-P laxity and V-V laxity before exercise among the non-OA, mild OA and advanced OA groups. Exercise resulted in significant changes in A-P knee joint laxity in patients with mild OA relative to the control. The results suggest that daily physical activities (e.g., knee bending or squatting) play a role in the development of knee laxity, particularly in patients with mild OA, and that progression of knee OA seems to correlate with increments of A-P knee joint laxity.
Tsuyoshi Miyazaki; Kenzo Uchida; Makoto Wada; Mitsuhiko Sato; Daisuke Sugita; Seiichiro Shimada; Hisatoshi Baba
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-8-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  Rheumatology international     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1437-160X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-8-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8206885     Medline TA:  Rheumatol Int     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation Medicine, Faculty of Medical Sciences, The University of Fukui, Fukui, Japan,
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