Document Detail

Anterior ischemic optic neuropathy is not associated with carotid artery atherosclerosis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8465359     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The relation between anterior ischemic optic neuropathy and carotid artery atherosclerotic disease is unclear. We studied patients with anterior ischemic optic neuropathy to determine if they had an increased occurrence of carotid artery stenosis. METHODS: Fifteen consecutive patients with anterior ischemic optic neuropathy were evaluated prospectively for cervical carotid artery stenosis and compared with 30 age- and sex-matched asymptomatic patients and also with 11 age- and sex-matched patients experiencing transient monocular blindness. RESULTS: There was no difference in the mean stenosis of the internal carotid artery between patients with anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (mean carotid stenosis, 19%) and asymptomatic patients (mean carotid stenosis, 9%; p > 0.05), whereas patients with transient monocular blindness had significantly more stenosis (mean, 77%) in the cervical carotid arteries than both control subjects (p < 0.0001) and patients with anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (p < 0.0001). There was also no difference in the percentage of patients with stenosis > or = 30% in anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (two of 15) and asymptomatic patients (five of 30), whereas 10 of 11 patients with transient monocular blindness had stenoses > or = 30%, significantly more than patients with anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (p < 0.0001) and asymptomatic patients (p < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: Anterior ischemic optic neuropathy is not a marker for atherosclerotic carotid artery stenosis. The pathogenesis of nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy does not involve carotid artery stenosis in most patients.
C L Fry; J E Carter; M C Kanter; C H Tegeler; M R Tuley
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation     Volume:  24     ISSN:  0039-2499     ISO Abbreviation:  Stroke     Publication Date:  1993 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-05-04     Completed Date:  1993-05-04     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0235266     Medline TA:  Stroke     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  539-42     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Ophthalmology, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio 78284-7883.
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MeSH Terms
Arteriosclerosis / complications*,  ultrasonography
Atrial Fibrillation / ultrasonography
Blindness / etiology,  physiopathology
Carotid Artery Diseases / complications*,  ultrasonography
Carotid Stenosis / ultrasonography
Ischemia / complications*
Middle Aged
Optic Nerve / blood supply*
Time Factors
Vision, Monocular

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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