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Anterior decompression in the management of unilateral cervical spondylotic amyotrophy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23218638     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Cervical spondylotic amyotrophy is a rare clinical condition. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of anterior decompression in patients with unilateral upper-extremity amyotrophy caused by cervical spondylosis. The authors retrospectively analyzed the records of 31 patients (23 men and 8 women) who underwent anterior decompressive surgery for cervical spondylotic amyotrophy at the authors' institution between 2000 and 2011. Demographic characteristics, pre- and postoperative results of imaging studies, and postoperative muscle power improvement were reviewed at a mean follow-up of 22.2 months (range, 14-36 months). Patients were divided into proximal (n=21) and distal (n=10) types according to the most severely atrophic muscle, and the 2 groups were compared statistically. The most commonly affected intervertebral level in proximal-type patients was C4-C5, whereas that in distal-type patients was C5-C6. Impingements against the ventral nerve root and anterior horn were observed in 22 and 25 cases, respectively, with 16 cases having both impingements. Eighty-one percent of proximal-type patients gained 1 or more grades of muscle power improvement on manual muscle testing, whereas 40% of distal-type patients improved. Within 15 postoperative days, 57% of proximal-type patients attained subjective or objective improvement of muscle power, whereas all distal-type patients failed to improve. Anterior decompression was effective for most patients with unilateral cervical spondylotic amyotrophy, although postoperative muscle power improvement in distal-type patients was inferior to that in proximal-type patients. Furthermore, compared with the proximal type, the distal type showed a slower postoperative recovery.
Authors:
Jing Tao Zhang; Da Long Yang; Yong Shen; Ying Ze Zhang; Lin Feng Wang; Wen Yuan Ding
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Orthopedics     Volume:  35     ISSN:  1938-2367     ISO Abbreviation:  Orthopedics     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7806107     Medline TA:  Orthopedics     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  e1792-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2012, SLACK Incorporated.
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