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Anterior Maxillary and Mandibular Biotype: Relationship Between Gingival Thickness and Width With Respect to Underlying Bone Thickness.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23147165     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE:: Periodontal biotype is considered to be a significant factor related to successful dental treatments. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between gingival thickness (GT) and width with respect to the underlying bone thickness in the maxillary and mandibular anterior sextant. MATERIALS AND METHODS:: Overall, 180 anterior teeth within healthy patients were assessed. GT and buccal bone thickness (BT) were measured at 3 locations: crestal/gingival margin, tooth apex, and a midpoint between the 2. In addition, the apicoincisal gingival width (GW) was recorded. Clinical and cone beam CT measurements were compared and correlated. RESULTS:: No statistically significant relations were observed between GT and BT measures at any of the 3 positions. The mean GT at crestal mid and apical position for the maxillary teeth was 1.01 (±0.58) mm, 1.06 (±0.48) mm, and 0.83 (±0.47) mm, respectively, and the corresponding mean BT was 1.24 (±0.90) mm, 0.81 (±0.33) mm, and 2.78 (±1.62) mm, respectively. The GW is directly related (R = 0.007; P < 0.05) to the crestal BT. CONCLUSION:: In this study, the GT is not linked to the BT. However, the GW seems to be associated with the crestal BT.
Authors:
Andres Pascual La Rocca; Antonio Santos Alemany; Paul Levi; Monica Vicario Juan; Jose Nart Molina; Arnold S Weisgold
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Implant dentistry     Volume:  21     ISSN:  1538-2982     ISO Abbreviation:  Implant Dent     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9206481     Medline TA:  Implant Dent     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  507-515     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
*Associate Professor, Department of Periodontics, Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain. †Associate Professor, Department of Periodontics, Tuft University, Boston, MA. ‡Chairman, Department of Periodontics, Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain. §Adjunct Professor, Department of Periodontics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.
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