Document Detail


Antecedents of neonatal encephalopathy in the Vermont Oxford Network Encephalopathy Registry.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23071210     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Neonatal encephalopathy (NE) is a major predictor of death and long-term neurologic disability, but there are few studies of antecedents of NE.
OBJECTIVES: To identify antecedents in a large registry of infants who had NE.
METHODS: This was a maternal and infant record review of 4165 singleton neonates, gestational age of ≥ 36 weeks, meeting criteria for inclusion in the Vermont Oxford Network Neonatal Encephalopathy Registry.
RESULTS: Clinically recognized seizures were the most prevalent condition (60%); 49% had a 5-minute Apgar score of ≤ 3 and 18% had a reduced level of consciousness. An abnormal maternal or fetal condition predated labor in 46%; maternal hypertension (16%) or small for gestational age (16%) were the most frequent risk factors. In 8%, birth defects were identified. The most prevalent birth complication was elevated maternal temperature in labor of ≥ 37.5 °C in 27% of mothers with documented temperatures compared with 2% to 3.2% in controls in population-based studies. Clinical chorioamnionitis, prolonged membrane rupture, and maternal hypothyroidism exceeded rates in published controls. Acute asphyxial indicators were reported in 15% (in 35% if fetal bradycardia included) and inflammatory indicators in 24%. Almost one-half had neither asphyxial nor inflammatory indicators. Although most infants with NE were observably ill since the first minutes of life, only 54% of placentas were submitted for examination.
CONCLUSIONS: Clinically recognized asphyxial birth events, indicators of intrauterine exposure to inflammation, fetal growth restriction, and birth defects were each observed in term infants with NE, but much of NE in this large registry remained unexplained.
Authors:
Karin B Nelson; Peter Bingham; Erika M Edwards; Jeffrey D Horbar; Michael J Kenny; Terrie Inder; Robert H Pfister; Tonse Raju; Roger F Soll
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-10-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatrics     Volume:  130     ISSN:  1098-4275     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatrics     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-02     Completed Date:  2013-01-07     Revised Date:  2014-07-02    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376422     Medline TA:  Pediatrics     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  878-86     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Brain Diseases / epidemiology*
Female
Humans
Infant, Newborn
Male
Registries*
Vermont / epidemiology
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