Document Detail

Anorexia nervosa in Greek and Turkish adolescents.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3203700     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Five samples of adolescents were assessed in three countries: (1) 867 Greek pupils in Munich (Germany), (2) 2,700 Greek pupils in Veria (Greece), (3) 567 girls in Ioannina (Greece), (4) 2,783 adolescents in Istanbul (Turkey), and (5) 157 adolescents in Upper Bavaria (Germany). A two-stage procedure was used for samples one, two and four using the Anorexia Nervosa Inventory for Self-rating (ANIS) for screening and a standardized interview (Structured Interview for Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia) for personal exploration of possible cases and final case identification. Results of all samples were compared. Greek girls in Germany scored higher than Greek boys in Germany and Greek boys and girls in Germany scored lower than Greek girls in Veria in the ANIS factors figure consciousness, insufficiency, anancasm, negative effect of meals and bulimia in practically all age groups. The frequency distribution of the ANIS main factor figure consciousness was the same for both Greek samples in Greece, while the Turkish sample and the Greek sample in Munich had significantly lower scores. In the second stage the prevalence rates for anorexia nervosa according to Feighner criteria (modified for the purpose of a field study) were: 1.10% for Greek girls in Munich, 0.41% for Greek girls in Veria and 0.35% for Greeks in Ioannina. Thus, while Greek girls in Germany had lower scores in ANIS factors and other self-ratings (General Health Questionnaire) the actual rate of anorexic syndromes was highest among Greek girls in Munich. Socio-cultural influences and selection factors are discussed.
M M Fichter; M Elton; L Sourdi; S Weyerer; G Koptagel-Ilal
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European archives of psychiatry and neurological sciences     Volume:  237     ISSN:  0175-758X     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur Arch Psychiatry Neurol Sci     Publication Date:  1988  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1989-02-09     Completed Date:  1989-02-09     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8411522     Medline TA:  Eur Arch Psychiatry Neurol Sci     Country:  GERMANY, WEST    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  200-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Psychiatrische Klinik, Universität München, Federal Republic of Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Anorexia Nervosa / psychology*
Body Image
Body Weight
Bulimia / psychology
Cross-Cultural Comparison*
Feeding Behavior
Gender Identity
Germany, West
Greece / ethnology
Psychological Tests
Social Class
Turkey / ethnology

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