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Anomalous unilateral single pulmonary vein versus scimitar syndrome: Comparison of two paediatric cases and a review of the literature.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22697320     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The 'scimitar sign' on plain chest radiograph is most commonly attributed to the presence of a scimitar vein, which is a variant of partial anomalous pulmonary venous drainage (PAPVD). An anomalous unilateral single pulmonary vein (AUSPV) is a very rare anomaly, albeit benign, which can also present with the scimitar sign. Despite a similar radiographic appearance, these two anomalies have very different prognostic implications. Moreover, differentiation between the two is important in the paediatric population to prevent unnecessary investigations. We present two paediatric patients who presented with the scimitar sign on plain chest radiograph, with one having PAPVD and the other having AUSPV, and provide a review of the literature on AUSPV, an anomaly which most likely shares a similar pathogenesis to the scimitar vein of PAPVD.
Authors:
Cara Odenthal; Anubhav Sarikwal
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-05-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of medical imaging and radiation oncology     Volume:  56     ISSN:  1754-9485     ISO Abbreviation:  J Med Imaging Radiat Oncol     Publication Date:  2012 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-06-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101469340     Medline TA:  J Med Imaging Radiat Oncol     Country:  Australia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  247-54     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 The Authors. Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology © 2012 The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Radiologists.
Affiliation:
University of Queensland School of Medicine, Royal Brisbane Clinical School Department of Medical Imaging, Royal Children's Hospital, Herston, Queensland, Australia.
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