Document Detail

Ano-perianal tuberculosis: 15 years of clinical experiences in Southern Taiwan.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19832872     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: Ano-perianal tuberculosis (TB) is a rare extrapulmonary form of the disease. Most publications are in case report form. We report our cohort retrospective study on ano-perianal TB, which is one of the very few original reports in the literature.
METHOD: Over a period of 15 years (January 1992-December 2006), file records revealed cases with confirmed diagnosis of ano-perianal TB after screening from a total of 1251 patients with the diagnosis of TB from Chang Gung Memorial Hospital-Kaohsiung, Taiwan.
RESULTS: This study recruited 17 patients (14 male patients and 3 female patients). The age ranged from 18 to 81 years with a mean age of 44.8 +/- 18.2 years. Thirteen patients had coexistent pulmonary TB (76.5%). Eight patients had at least one concomitant co-morbid illness (47.1%). The most common clinical manifestations were anal fistulae (n = 16). All patients who completed a full course of anti-mycobacterial treatment for at least 6 months after surgical intervention were cured without recurrence except for one patient who was lost to follow-up after 2 months of treatment. Seven of the nine patients with complicated fistulae needed longer anti-mycobacterium treatment duration (9-18 months).
CONCLUSION: Ano-perianal TB should be kept in mind for all patients with prolonged or repeatedly recurrent ano-perianal symptoms and signs such as complicated fistulae in an endemic TB area like Taiwan. Management strategy is with conventional anti-mycobacterium therapy for at least 6 months after surgery. An extension of the anti-mycobacterium treatment course to 9-18 months is mandatory for patients with complicated disease presentations.
W-C Tai; T-H Hu; C-H Lee; H-H Chen; C-C Huang; S-K Chuah
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article     Date:  2009-10-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  Colorectal disease : the official journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland     Volume:  12     ISSN:  1463-1318     ISO Abbreviation:  Colorectal Dis     Publication Date:  2010 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-07-29     Completed Date:  2010-11-30     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100883611     Medline TA:  Colorectal Dis     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  e114-20     Citation Subset:  IM    
Division of Hepato-Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital-Kaohsiung Medical Center, Chang Gung University, College of Medicine, Taiwan.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Anal Canal / microbiology*,  pathology
Anus Diseases / diagnosis,  epidemiology*,  microbiology
Diagnosis, Differential
Follow-Up Studies
Middle Aged
Mycobacterium tuberculosis / isolation & purification*
Retrospective Studies
Taiwan / epidemiology
Time Factors
Tuberculosis, Gastrointestinal / diagnosis,  epidemiology*,  microbiology
Young Adult

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