Document Detail


Annual summary of vital statistics: 2006.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18381544     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
US births increased 3% between 2005 and 2006 to 4,265,996, the largest number since 1961. The crude birth rate rose 1%, to 14.2 per 1000 population, and the general fertility rate increased 3%, to 68.5 per 1000 women 15 to 44 years. Births and birth rates increased among all race and Hispanic-origin groups. Teen childbearing rose 3% in 2006, to 41.9 per 1000 females aged 15 to 19 years, the first increase after 14 years of steady decline. Birth rates rose 2% to 4% for women aged 20 to 44; rates for the youngest (10-14 years) and oldest (45-49) women were unchanged. Childbearing by unmarried women increased steeply in 2006 and set new historic highs. The cesarean-delivery rate rose by 3% in 2006 to 31.1% of all births; this figure has been up 50% over the last decade. Preterm and low birth weight rates also increased for 2006 to 12.8% and 8.3%, respectively. The 2005 infant mortality rate was 6.89 infant deaths per 1000 live births, not statistically higher than the 2004 level. Non-Hispanic black newborns continued to be more than twice as likely as non-Hispanic white and Hispanic infants to die in the first year of life in 2004. For all gender and race groups combined, expectation of life at birth reached a record high of 77.9 years in 2005. Age-adjusted death rates in the United States continue to decline. The crude death rate for children aged 1 to 19 years decreased significantly between 2000 and 2005. Of the 10 leading causes of death for children in 2005, only the death rate for cerebrovascular disease was up slightly from 2000, whereas accident and chronic lower respiratory disease death rates decreased. A large proportion of childhood deaths, however, continue to occur as a result of preventable injuries.
Authors:
Joyce A Martin; Hsiang-Ching Kung; T J Mathews; Donna L Hoyert; Donna M Strobino; Bernard Guyer; Shae R Sutton
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatrics     Volume:  121     ISSN:  1098-4275     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatrics     Publication Date:  2008 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-04-02     Completed Date:  2008-04-30     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376422     Medline TA:  Pediatrics     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  788-801     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Division of Vital Statistics, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 3311 Toledo Rd, Room 7415, Hyattsville, MD 20782, USA. E-mail jamartin@cdc.gov
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Birth Rate / trends
Child
Child, Preschool
Female
Humans
Infant
Infant Mortality / trends
Infant, Newborn
Male
Morbidity / trends
Pregnancy
Pregnancy Rate / trends
Pregnancy in Adolescence / statistics & numerical data
United States
Vital Statistics*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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