Document Detail

Anisotropic diffusion properties in infants with hydrocephalus: a diffusion tensor imaging study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19661167     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) can noninvasively detect in vivo white matter (WM) abnormalities on the basis of anisotropic diffusion properties. We analyzed DTI data retrospectively to quantify the abnormalities in different WM regions in children with hydrocephalus during early infancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventeen infants diagnosed with hydrocephalus (age range, 0.13-16.14 months) were evaluated with DTI and compared with 17 closely age-matched healthy children (age range, 0.20-16.11 months). Fractional anisotropy (FA), mean diffusivity (MD), axial diffusivity, and radial diffusivity values in 5 regions of interest (ROIs) in the corpus callosum and internal capsule were measured and compared. The correlation between FA and age was also studied and compared by ROI between the 2 study groups. RESULTS: Infants with hydrocephalus had significantly lower FA, higher MD, and higher radial diffusivity values for all 3 ROIs in the corpus callosum, but not for the 2 ROIs in the internal capsule. In infants with hydrocephalus, the increase of FA with age during normal development was absent in the corpus callosum but was still preserved in the internal capsule. There was also a significant difference in the frequency of occurrence of abnormal FA values in the corpus callosum and internal capsule. CONCLUSIONS: This retrospective DTI study demonstrated significant WM abnormalities in infants with hydrocephalus in both the corpus callosum and internal capsule. The results also showed evidence that the impact of hydrocephalus on WM was different in the corpus callosum and internal capsule.
W Yuan; F T Mangano; E L Air; S K Holland; B V Jones; M Altaye; K Bierbrauer
Related Documents :
20393697 - Intracranial hemorrhage in full-term newborns: a hospital-based cohort study.
1704687 - Neonatal uses of intravenous immunoglobulin.
2663307 - Intraventricular hemorrhage and brain injury in the premature infant. neuropathology an...
2447257 - Early high-dose phenobarbital treatment for prevention of hypoxic-ischemic brain damage...
3424217 - Predictive value of minor anomalies: ii. use in cohort studies to identify teratogens.
5296127 - Diarrhoea among infants in a crowded area of djakarta, indonesia. a longitudinal study ...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2009-08-06
Journal Detail:
Title:  AJNR. American journal of neuroradiology     Volume:  30     ISSN:  1936-959X     ISO Abbreviation:  AJNR Am J Neuroradiol     Publication Date:  2009 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-10-09     Completed Date:  2010-01-04     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003708     Medline TA:  AJNR Am J Neuroradiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1792-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Radiology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center and University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio 45229-3039, USA.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods*
Hydrocephalus / pathology*
Image Enhancement / methods
Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted / methods*
Infant, Newborn
Reproducibility of Results
Sensitivity and Specificity

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Review of portable CT with assessment of a dedicated head CT scanner.
Next Document:  Recombinant Tissue Plasminogen Activator Increases Blood-Brain Barrier Disruption in Acute Ischemic ...