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MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22765517     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract In India, visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is highly endemic and considered to be anthroponotic. Serum samples from 1,220 animals from 7 human VL endemic districts of Bihar, India were tested for Leishmania spp. antibodies to a recombinant K39 antigen present on amastigotes of Leishmania spp. that cause VL. Additionally, PCR on blood cell pellets was used to confirm samples positive by serology. Leishmanial antibodies were detected in 33 of 1,220 animals; in 31 of 867 goats (Capra hircus), 1 of 161 cattle (Bos indicus), 1 of 54 wild rats (Rattus sp.), but none of 106 chickens (Gallus domesticus), 26 sheep (Ovis aries), 3 water buffaloes (Bubalus bubalus), and 3 dogs (Canis familiaris). The parasite DNA was detected in 20 of 33 serologically positive blood samples; in 20 goats and 1 cow. The present study indicates that goats are potential animal reservoirs of human VL in India.
Niti Singh; Jyotsna Mishra; Ram Singh; Sarman Singh
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-5
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of parasitology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1937-2345     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-6     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7803124     Medline TA:  J Parasitol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
a Division of Clinical Microbiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi.
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